chap 12

chap 12 - Chapter 12 Sexuality During Childhood and...

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Chapter 12 Sexuality During Childhood and Adolescence
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Infant and Childhood Sexuality Capacity for sexual response present at birth Arousal, orgasm Infants engage in self-pleasuring activity Unable to differentiate sexual from sensual pleasure Sexual behavior is a normal part of development
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Childhood Sexuality Normative behavior not well studied 2 - 3 years: masturbation begins 4 - 7 years: sex play begins 5 - 7 years: begin to enact marriage scripts 8 - 9 years: homosociality 10-11 years: interest in bodily changes
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Affection Learn through parental affection, hugging,kissing Will impact capacity for affection in adult life In societies where children are nurtured, less violence in adulthood
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Masturbation Common and natural Parental response Mention potential for pleasure Set boundaries “private” Respect privacy
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Childhood Sex Play Most common 4-7 Play more important than sex Curious Play house Same-sex sex play more common
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Physical Changes in Adolescence: Puberty Reproductive organs mature Onset 8-14 years; 2 years earlier in girls Triggered by release of gonadotropins Signals testes and ovaries
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Puberty
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Secondary Sex Characteristics Both Sexes Pubic hair, growth spurt Genitals enlarge, axillary oil-secretion Girls Breast buds Voice changes Boys Facial hair Voice deepens
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Primary Sex Characteristics Girls Vaginal secretions Menarche: average age 12 or 13 Boys First ejaculation around 13 Physical changes can be sources of pride or concern for girls and boys
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The Sexual Double Standard Gender-role differentiation increases in adolescence (although may be diminishing in the US) Girls Focus on sexuality = relationship Dilemma: to appear sexy to attract males but not to appear “easy” Boys Focus on sexuality = conquest Peers reinforce aggressive & independent behaviors
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Masturbation in Adolescence Increase in frequency and numbers Almost all boys 3 out of 4 girls by end of adolescence Safe sexual release Way to learn about self
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chap 12 - Chapter 12 Sexuality During Childhood and...

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