Despelder8_ppt_ch02

Despelder8_ppt_ch02 - h Chapter TwoC Ø Chapter Ø Learning...

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Unformatted text preview: h Chapter TwoC Ø Chapter Ø Learning About Death The Influence of Sociocultural Forces The Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Mature Concept of Death s s s s Universality Irreversibility Nonfunctionality Causality Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Noncorporeal Continuity (Speece and Brent) s Notion that human beings survive in Notion some form after death of the physical body… body… x What happens to the personality after death? x Does the self or soul continue to exist? x What is the nature of the afterlife? Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Development of the Understanding of Death s s Psychosocial development Cognitive Transformations Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Stages of Psychosocial Development (Erikson) s s s s s Trust versus mistrust (Birth - 2) Autonomy versus shame (2 - 3) Initiative versus guilt (3 - 5) Industry versus inferiority (5-11) Identity versus role confusion (11-18) Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Cognitive Transformations (Piaget) s s s s Sensorimotor (Birth - 2 years) Preoperational (2-7 years) Concrete operational (7-12 years) Formal operational (12+ years) Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Sociocultural Influences on Our Understanding of Death s s s s Nonmaterial aspects of culture Agents of socialization Teachable moments Early experiences with death Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Nonmaterial Aspects of Culture s s s s s Knowledge Beliefs Values Norms Signs and symbols Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Agents of Socialization s s s s Family School and peers Mass media Religion Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Functions of Religion in Societies s s s s Shared set of beliefs, values, and Shared norms help form common identity for people people Answers to “big questions” about Answers human existence and purpose human Foundation for norms and laws of a Foundation society society Emotional and psychological support Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Teachable Moments s Opportunities or situations for Opportunities learning about death during unplanned or unexpected occurrences (e.g., observing a dead animal in the road) observing Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Theoretical Perspectives s s s Structural-functionalist approach Symbolic interactionism Social learning approach Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Structural-Functionalist Approach s s s s s Economy Educational system Family Political system Religion Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Symbolic Interactionism s s s Freedom of individuals to construct Freedom their own reality their Potential to reconstruct the social Potential reality that has been inherited reality Active responses to the social Active structures in people’s lives structures Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Social Learning Approach s Learning about social norms occurs Learning through… through… x Reinforcement x Imitation x Interaction x Rationalization Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Mature Concept of Death Revisited s s s Unfolds throughout life span Core concepts enriched by questions, Core doubts, exceptions, conditions, etc. doubts, “Either/or” logic replaced by more Either/or” sophisticated “fuzzy” concepts sophisticated Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Mature Concept of Death Revisited (continued) s s s Allows for elaboration about the Allows meaning of death meaning Values other cultural contexts and Values expressions expressions Avoids ethnocentrism Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright ...
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