Despelder8_ppt_ch08

Despelder8_ppt_ch08 - u Chapter EightC p Chapter 0 Last...

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Unformatted text preview: u Chapter EightC p Chapter 0 Last Rites Funerals and Body Disposition Funerals Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Social Functions of the Funeral s s s s Acknowledges and commemorates a Acknowledges person’s death person’s Provides a setting for body disposition Provides Assists in reorienting the bereaved to Assists their lives their Demonstrates reciprocal economic Demonstrates and social obligations and Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Elements of a Funeral Ritual s s s s Deathwatch (“death vigil” or “sitting Deathwatch up”) up”) Preparation of corpse for disposition Wake (“visitation” or “calling hours”) Funeral (“centerpiece” of rituals Funeral surrounding death) surrounding Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Traditional Elements of Funeral Rituals (continued) s s s Procession from site of funeral to Procession place of burial place Committal (held at gravesite or Committal crematorium) crematorium) Disposition of corpse (usually burial Disposition or cremation) or Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Psychosocial Aspects of Last Rites s s s Death notification Mutual support of the bereaved Impetus for coping with loss Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Death Notification s s s s s Hospital, police, coroner Immediate family Relatives Friends Acquaintances and wider community Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Rise of Professional Funeral Services s s Families and community care for their Families dead dead Undertaker as merchant supplying Undertaker funeral items, eventually as provider of services of Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Rise of Professional Funeral Services (continued) s s Funeral directors assume predominant Funeral role role Conglomeration of funeral industry Conglomeration with ownership of local “funeral homes” by multinational corporations homes” Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Criticisms of Funeral Practices s s s Lavish displays for the dead Lavish (Herodotus) (Herodotus) Vestige of superstitious fear of the Vestige dead (Puckle) dead Commercialism and conspicuous Commercialism display mask the essential meaning of funeral rites (Bowman) funeral Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Criticisms of Funeral Practices (continued) s s Materialism, high costs, bizarre and Materialism, morbid efforts to disguise and prettify death (Mitford) death Consumers may be cheated by Consumers unscrupulous funeral service personnel (Federal Trade Commission) Commission) Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Categories of Funeral Costs s s Services and goods provided by Services funeral establishment (facilities, equipment, casket, other funeral merchandise) merchandise) Costs related to disposition of the Costs body body Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Categories of Funeral Costs (continued) s s Memorialization costs (e.g., grave Memorialization marker) marker) Miscellaneous expenses (e.g., flowers, Miscellaneous death notice, transportation of the body outside local area) body Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Embalming s s s Adopted in U.S. during Civil War Embalming is not required by law Embalming except in certain cases except If body is to be viewed during a wake If or present at the funeral, embalming is generally done although not required generally not Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Embalming (continued) s FTC rule requires mortuaries to obtain FTC permission to embalm in order to charge a fee for the procedure charge Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Caskets s s Average casket cost is about $2300 Choices range from inexpensive Choices cardboard containers to solid mahogany, copper, or bronze caskets costing thousands of dollars costing Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Caskets (continued) s s Casket prices can vary significantly Casket among both conventional mortuaries and “casket discounters” and FTC rule requires list of prices and FTC descriptions of caskets available for customers customers Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Body Disposition s s s s s s Earth burial Entombment in mausoleum crypt Cremation Donation to science Burial at sea Sky burial (e.g., scaffolds) Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Noteworthy Trends in Funeral Rituals s s Living fast-paced lives, fewer people Living “have the time” for funeral ceremonies, which are increasingly viewed as “optional” viewed Increase in direct cremations and Increase immediate burials, as well as memorial services (in lieu of funerals) memorial Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Funeral Trends (continued) s The Internet has given rise to The “cybermourners” and “virtual cemeteries”. (A search for sites posting funerals and establishing cemeteries online can be conducted to see the range of “cybermourner” activities.) activities.) Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Funeral Trends (continued) s s “Cremation jewelry,” “electronic Cremation memorials” and “wearable tombstones” (T-shirts) provide novel ways to memorialize and honor the dead dead Innovative funeral establishments Innovative offer creative ways to find “a place in the heart for grief” the Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2011 for the course SOC 353 taught by Professor Ibrahimnaim during the Spring '11 term at ASU.

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