Despelder8_ppt_ch14

Despelder8_ppt_ch14 - Chapter Fourteen Chapter Beyond...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter Fourteen Chapter Beyond Death/ After Life Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Concepts About Life After Death s s s s s s s Traditional Jewish Greek Christian Islamic Asian Secular Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Traditional Concepts s s s Life continues in some form after Life physical death physical Judgment determines eternal destiny Judgment (reward or punishment) (reward Guardianship of ancestor-gods Guardianship important for soul’s journey to afterlife afterlife Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Traditional Concepts (continued) s Group identity more important than Group personal identity personal Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Jewish Concepts s s s Focus on communal destiny as people Focus of Israel of Righteous conduct leads to harmony Righteous in present life, not a guarantee of future rewards for the individual future Resignation toward human mortality Resignation among earlier sages and prophets among Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Jewish Concepts (continued) s s Later prophets envision some form of Later “resurrection of the dead” Human personality viewed as Human “animated body,” not “incarnated soul” soul” Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Jewish Concepts (continued) s s Communal faith sustained through Communal customs like the Minyan and reciting Minyan Kaddish, the prayer for the dead Kaddish Mourning rituals acknowledge reality Mourning of death and affirm life of Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Greek Concepts s s s Afterworld pictured as shadowy place Afterworld inhabited by bloodless phantoms inhabited Personal immortality important only Personal as it affects survival of the polis, the polis the community community Life and death viewed as aspects of Life ever-changing, eternal flux ever-changing, Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Greek Concepts (continued) s s s Mystery religions promise a more Mystery idyllic afterlife in paradise idyllic Some philosophers taught a Some relationship between earthly conduct and destiny of the soul and Plato emphasized dualism: soul Plato released from body at death and immortal immortal Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Christian Concepts s s s Death vanquished by resurrection of Death Jesus Christ Jesus Resurrection is a special kind of Resurrection bodily existence, but also has symbolic or spiritual meaning symbolic Greek notions of body-soul dualism Greek were important influences on Christian concepts Christian Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Christian Concepts (continued) s s Intermediate states, known as Intermediate purgatory, offer opportunities for purgatory offer purification of the soul purification Interplay between concepts of Interplay resurrection and immortality persists in Christian beliefs about afterlife in Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Islamic Concepts s s s Submission to the divine reality brings Submission peace with God peace God determines the span of a person’s God life life Person’s conduct on earth is the Person’s “seedbed of an eternal future” “seedbed Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Islamic Concepts (continued) s s Vision of afterlife is both spiritual and Vision physical physical Moment of death is a call to prayer Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Asian Concepts s s Life and death are manifestations of a Life constantly changing reality, not mutually exclusive opposites mutually The concept of reincarnation, or The transmigration of the soul from one body or being to another, is understood in various ways understood Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Asian Concepts (continued) s s Samsara refers to “journeying” or “passing through” a series of incarnational experiences incarnational Such experiences are linked together Such by karma, the moral law of cause and karma, effect. Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Asian Concepts (continued) s s s Underlying the apparent separateness Underlying of individuals is a unitary reality, a reservoir of being that never dies reservoir By confronting mortality, one By becomes reoriented to the transcendent dimensions of reality transcendent The ultimate aim of spiritual The awareness is nirvana, the “death that nirvana the conquers death” conquers Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Secular Concepts s s Death divorced from religious and Death mythic meanings mythic Emphasis on scientific method and Emphasis rational thought rational Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Secular Concepts (continued) s s Humanism, positivism, and Humanism, existentialism are examples of secular alternatives to religious orientations alternatives A person my hold several competing person worldviews, both religious and secular, at the same time secular, Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Near-Death Experiences (NDEs) s s s Profound psychological events with Profound transcendental and mystical elements transcendental Typically experienced by individuals Typically close to death or in situations of intense danger intense Many people who experience an NDE Many emerge with greater appreciation of life and relationships life Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Near-Death Experiences (NDEs): Typical Features s s s s Recognize threat of death as imminent Entry into transitional stage (e.g., dark Entry tunnel) tunnel) Panoramic life review Transcendence (e.g., seeing or Transcendence entering bright light) entering Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Near-Death Experiences (NDEs): Interpretations s s s Neuropsychological theories (i.e., physiological or drug-related causes) physiological Psychological theories (i.e., depersonalization, fantasy, archetypes) archetypes) Metaphysical theories (i.e., soul travel, psychic vision) travel, Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Death Themes in Dreams and Psychedelic Experiences s s Death dreams incorporate a variety of alchemical and mythological motifs LSD Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Beliefs About Death: A Wall or a Door? s s Dying is not merely a biological Dying occurrence; it is a human, social, and spiritual event spiritual The spiritual component of patient The care should be acknowledged by caregivers caregivers Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright Beliefs About Death: A Wall or a Door? (continued) s s Each person’s spiritual beliefs and Each preferences should be respected preferences Our beliefs about the afterlife can Our influence actions taken when we or others near death others Copyright © 2009 Lynne Ann DeSpelder and Albert Lee Strickland Copyright ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2011 for the course SOC 353 taught by Professor Ibrahimnaim during the Spring '11 term at ASU.

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