Social Psych (4-7-09)

Social Psych (4-7-09) - Abie Feuerstein April 7, 2009...

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Abie Feuerstein April 7, 2009 Social psych Why Work in Groups? Accomplish tasks quickly and efficiently o E.g. division of labor (letting people do what they are best at) Make the best decisions possible o E.g. hear more information Do groups usually accomplish these goals? o Yes!! o Except in certain situations Accomplishing Tasks Diffusion of responsibility o Individuals lose a sense of personal responsibility for the group outcome Can lead to social loafing o In groups, people generally put out less individual effort About 80% of effort when working alone Biggest problem: free riders (people who are in the group, but contribute absolutely nothing. However, they end up benefiting in the exact same ways as everyone else does from the group) Social Loafing Occurs when individual contributions can’t be identified (in anonymous situations) o Less likely with cohesive groups (close-knit; everyone is good friends with one another) o Less likely with interesting, challenging problems o A little less likely in collectivist cultures Making Good Decisions Groups discussion allow us to hear all sides of an issue o Including information we may not be aware of o That way we can objectively weigh all the evidence o We can change our minds if we realize we’re wrong o But do we? Group Polarization
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2011 for the course PSY 350 taught by Professor Garygroth during the Spring '09 term at ASU.

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Social Psych (4-7-09) - Abie Feuerstein April 7, 2009...

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