Mothers_Enter_the_Labor_Force

Mothers_Enter_the_Labor_Force - Why has wom ns LFP rise in...

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Why has women’s LFP risen in the 20 th century? 1. Lower fertility means women spend less of their adulthood with small dependent children 2. Increasing education means it costs more to educate a child (women’s earnings needed) AND it costs more to keep an educated women out of the labor force. 3. Growth of the Service Sector: requires some education but tends to pay less. “Pink collar” jobs that used skills that women were expect to possess anyway (educating children, healthcare (not medicine!), communication, etc). 4. Higher divorce rates made it risky for married women to stay out of the labor force.
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The US labor market is divided into three sectors: 1. Primary: farming, mining, etc. 2. Secondary: Manufacturing 1. 3. Tertiary: Service Sector 1. Not all service sector jobs are high paying 2. Minority women are more likely to be found in low- wage service sector jobs.
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Mothers Enter the Labor Force 1948: 25% with school age children in labor force 10% of those with children under 6 2001: 80% with school age children in labor force 63% of those with children under 6
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2011 for the course SOC 415 taught by Professor Jenniferglick during the Fall '10 term at ASU.

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Mothers_Enter_the_Labor_Force - Why has wom ns LFP rise in...

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