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Chapter 1 Notes - The Evolution of Mass Communication The...

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The Evolution of Mass Communication The Story of George Guess Father white, mother Cherokee Handicapped & uneducated; never learned to read/write English though he wanted to Cherokee felt they were meant to hunt George felt such a system would give independence. Cherokee Alphabet Creation 86 characters, each representing a sound in language Taught daughter to read; Cherokee nation adopted in 1825 System used to print 1 st U.S. Native- American newspaper, the Cherokee Phoenix The Sequoyah Legend George, better known by his Cherokee name Sequoyah, honored him with silver medal English botanist named large California tree in his honor Only single person in history to create & perfect a system for reading and writing a language “Storytelling” defined National Storytelling Assn. (NSA) has defined storytelling as: “the art of using language, vocalization, and/or physical movement and gesture to reveal the elements and images of a story to a specific . . . audience” “Story” defined NSA defines a story as “a narrative account of a real or imagined event or events.” A sharing of experience that passes on accumulated wisdom, beliefs and values Explain how things are, why they are, and our role and purpose Building blocks of knowledge, the foundation of memory & learning Connect & link us to past, present & future “Telling” defined Live, person-to-person oral & physical presentation of a story to an audience
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Involves direct contact between teller & listener Teller’s role is to use language & other components to communicate a story Listener’s role is to bring the story to life based on the performance & on the listener’s experiences, beliefs & understanding NSA’s Storytelling Elements Storytelling is interactive (teller depends on listener for response; noise). Storytelling is a co-creative process (teller provides a picture; listener fills in the blanks). Storytelling is personal, interpretive and human (passes on the essence of who we are, how we interpret events/experiences). Storytelling is a process/medium for sharing, interpreting & meaning to an audience Culture defined Dictionary.com defines culture a number of ways. One definition is “the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group” such as the youth culture; the drug culture. Another is “the sum total of ways of living built up by a group of human beings and transmitted from one generation to another.” Early Cultures & Storytelling Oral cultures were the cultures that passed information from one generation to the next without benefit of writing. Such cultures were extremely close, and the elders were considered the most wise.
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