Psychodynamic and Humanistic Psychotherpies Chap7

Psychodynamic and Humanistic Psychotherpies Chap7 -...

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Psychodynamic and Humanistic Psychotherapies Chapter 7
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Psychoanalysis Freud’s psychoanalytic concepts are present in many modern approaches: Relationships between developmental history and current difficulties Reduced self-awareness as one cause of psychological problems Talking as a component of treatment Therapeutic relationship as a curative factor Freud’s topographical model—Unconscious to Preconscious to Conscious
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Freud’s Theory of Personality Id, ego, & superego comprise the structural model of the mind Id —the primitive, instinctual, & entirely unconscious force of sexual and aggressive drives Superego —family and society norms and the ego ideal (how one would like to be) comprise the Superego; seeks to inhibit expressions of the Id; spans preconscious through conscious levels of the mind Ego—the referee between Id and Superego; largely oriented to realities of the world; exists at the preconscious and conscious levels Dynamic conflict, or conflicting urges, occurs constantly among these mental constructs
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Freud’s Theory of Personality (cont) Defense Mechanisms—mental strategies engaged by the Ego to reduce anxiety from “intrapsychic conflict” These are not necessarily helpful or adaptive; once- successful defense mechanisms can become outdated, Transference—when the client engages in negative, repetitive behavior with the therapist Countertransference—when the therapist relates to the client in with a script based on his/her own personal history
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Freud’s Theory of Personality (cont) Psychic Determinism —statements made in therapy that might seem accidental, such as slips of the tongue, and other odd associations are assumed to be psychologically meaningful, revealing an unconscious connection Resistance —avoidance of therapy as content moves closer to core conflicts Common manifestations are missed appointments, irritation with the therapist, intellectual detachment from treatment; failure to pay the therapist Interpretation – the therapist suggests connections between current problems and past experiences Insight – when the client sees the problem or negative pattern in a new way Working Through – the full exploration of the implications of client insight
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Psychoanalytic Therapy Techniques Assessment is ongoing and relies on interview and projective tests; heavy emphasis placed on historical data and identifying defense mechanisms Free Association—the client should say anything and everything that comes to mind without filtering Therapist stays out of direct sight and refrains from self-
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course PSYC 436 taught by Professor Dr.andrealeiman during the Spring '10 term at Maryland.

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Psychodynamic and Humanistic Psychotherpies Chap7 -...

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