Testing in Clinical Psychology Chap5

Testing in Clinical Psychology Chap5 - Testing in Clinical...

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Testing in Clinical Psychology Chapter 5
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Brief History of Testing in Psychology From the 1930s to the 60s, tests were viewed as “semi-magical” portals to the “truth” about In the 60s and 70s testing was much less revered due to problems with tests reliability & validity, susceptibility to bias, concerns regarding invasion of privacy, disadvantage to some minority groups, & concerns that tests are too easily misused / misinterpreted After much attention to the above issues, testing is now a regular part of a psychologist’s professional activities
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What is a test? A test is “a systematic procedure for observing and describing a person’s behavior in a standard situation” (Cronbach, 1970) Tests should be standardized —all test recipients are presented with a set of planned stimuli presented in a certain way and then scored and interpreted using the same clinically derived rules Tests are designed to measure objectively (they should measure differences between clients, not clinicians)
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What do tests measure? The Mental Measurements Yearbook keeps track of all published psychological tests http://www.unl.edu/buros/bimm/html/catalog.html Tests are designed for nearly every age group The 3 major categories of tests are (see Table 5.1, p. 163):
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Testing in Clinical Psychology Chap5 - Testing in Clinical...

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