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xid-1037415_1 - Clinical Psychologys Past and Present...

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Clinical Psychology’s Past and Present Chapter 2
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Video Clips Adverse Effects http://www.netflix.com/Movie/Special/70042683? Low Startle Response http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O8yypD7RiJU Psychoanalysis example http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=63JjP0qH9xQ
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Beginnings Psychology started as a science—1879 Wilhelm Wundt started 1 st lab to study mental processes. Wundt wanted to study human behavior with observation and experimentation Perhaps the first psychology practitioner was Lightner Witmer, who attempted to help a “chronic bad speller” in 1896. This led to the opening the 1 st psychology clinic Very few of his colleagues considered this a reasonable pursuit for psychologists, who mainly considered themselves laboratory scientists Influenced future of clinical work by instituting: work with children, use of diagnostic assessment, a team approach, prevention through early diagnosis and remediation, basis on scientific principles
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Psychometrics The practice of measuring physical and mental attributes and abilities Phrenology—(Franz Gall and Johann Spurzheim) is the study of the correlation between mental characteristics and shape of the head.
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Measuring Intelligence Alfred Binet (1895)—measured metal abilities in “defective” children. The Stanford-Binet, 1916 revision, became extremely popular in the US. By 1986 two school of thought existed in measuring individual differences: The measurement of fixed mental structures (Galton-Catell sensorimotor tests) Fluid complex mental functions (Binet)
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The Clinical Tradition Before psychology took hold, bizarre behavior
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course PSYC 436 taught by Professor Dr.andrealeiman during the Spring '10 term at Maryland.

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xid-1037415_1 - Clinical Psychologys Past and Present...

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