BLE220 Sept 28

BLE220 Sept 28 - Language Acquisi-on Theories How do...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Language Acquisi-on Theories How do we learn a first language? How do we learn a second language? BLE 220 Week 6 September 28th, 2009 Today Share reading reflec-ons Theory Overview Give one, get one: Quick Write Looking Ahead Reading Reflec-ons •  Share your reflec-on with a person next to you. •  Think about the ques-ons from our “Looking ahead” slide from last week. How do the theories align with your responses? 1.  How did you learn (or try to learn) the language? Do you consider yourself fluent in that language? Why/Why not? 2.  What was your/your interviewee’s response to ques-on #4 on the IRQ: What is the best way to learn another language? What is language? Is language being acquired in any of the following situa-ons? How ? Language Acquisi-on Theories Group Work Behaviorist Theory Na?vist Theory Interac?onist Theory Whose theory? What is its View of Learning? What does this mean in terms of learning language? •  How do you make sense of these theories in your own language learning experience? •  •  •  •  •  •  3 big theories of L1/L2 acquisi-on Behaviorist Theory Learning occurs through S-mulus/Response/ Reinforcement Na?vist Theory Language acquisi-on is an innate, biological process; children make hypothesis about language rules. Interac?onist Theory Language is acquired through natural, unstructured language in authen-c situa-ons, i.e. real communica-on acts What theory can explain this? Behaviorist •  Whose theory? –  B. F. Skinner •  What is its View of Learning? –  Learning occurs through S?mulus/Response/Reinforcement –  First a child associates an object with a word – •  “cat” for the animal. •  What does this mean in terms of learning language? –  Next the child copies or imitates another, usually an adult, saying the word. –  The adult praises the child, providing reinforcement of the correct response. –  Over ?me the child learns to speak more and more. Na-vist Theory •  Who’s Theory? –  Noam Chomsky, Stephen Krashan •  What is its View of Learning? –  Language acquisi?on is an innate, biological process •  What does this mean in terms of learning language?   Infants are “prewired” for acquiring language. –  Language Acquisi?on Device (LAD) in the brain allows child to select out the grammar rules of the language that is spoken around them. –  Through comprehensible input and “trying out the language” students construct the grammar/develop lang. Interac-onist Theory •  Who’s Theory? •  What is its View of Learning? –  Vygotsky, Michael Long, Steven Krashen –  Language is acquired through natural, unstructured language in authen?c situa?ons, i.e. real communica?on acts –  As learners interact with na?ve speakers they use their new language to try and get their ideas across, to communicate meanings. –  This trial and error process of nego?a?ng meanings with a na?ve speaker provides a context where language can be modified and made more comprehensible. •  What does this mean in terms of learning language? Give one, get one 1.  2.  3.  4.  A prompt will appear on the board Write down one answer/idea to the prompt Walk around and find a partner. Give them your idea and get an idea from them (needs to be different than yours) 5.  Repeat step 4 un-l you have 4 ideas (yours plus 3 more) wriben down for the prompt. 6.  Sit down. Give one, get one 1. Write down something you agree with and something you disagree with concerning the behaviorist theory of language acquisi-on. 2. What do you see as an important aspect from the na-vist theory? Why? 3. If you want to integrate ideas from the interac-onist theory into your classroom, what are some things that you will need, or need to do? 4. What theories/concepts have you seen in classrooms/ environments where YOU were a language learner? ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course BLE 220 taught by Professor Nurrudin during the Fall '10 term at ASU.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online