{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

genderissues

genderissues - GENDER ISSUES by Don L F Nilsen and Alleen...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
41 1 GENDER ISSUES by Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace Nilsen
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
41 2 Betty Boop
Image of page 2
Breast Cancer
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
41 4 A Computer Program for Generating Gendered Language Moshe Koppel and his fellow computer scientists at Bar-Ilan University have “developed a computer algorithm that can examine an anonymous text and determine, with accuracy rates of better than 80 percent, whether the author is male or female.” “Women are far more likely than men to use personal pronouns —’I,’ ‘you,’ ‘she,’ ‘myself,’ or ‘yourself’ and the like. Men, in contrast, are more likely to use determiners—’a,’ ‘the,’ ‘that,’ and ‘these’—as well as cardinal numbers and quantifiers like ‘more’ or ‘some.’ Women talk about people; men talk about things.’” (Thompson [2009]: 363-365)
Image of page 4
41 5 Deborah Tannen’s Findings “In men’s magazines, the sentences were always shorter, and the sentences in women’s magazines had more ‘feeling verbs.’” However, “when women wrote for men’s magazines, they wrote in the ‘male’ style. ‘It clearly was performance,’ Tannen notes. ‘It didn’t matter whether the author was male or female. What mattered was whether the intended audience was male or female.’” (Thompson [2009]: 366)
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
41 6 The Pronoun Problem “We are told that because it is a plural pronoun, they must not be used to refer to single persons because it ‘doesn’t make sense.’ However the fact is that today, they is indeed both a singular and a plural pronoun, as indicated by the fact that all English speakers use it so.” “The idea that they is only a plural pronoun is an illusion based on the fallacy of treating the English of one thousand years ago as if it was somehow hallowed, rather than just one arbitrary stage of an endless evolution over time.” (McWhorter [2009]: 377)
Image of page 6
41 7 Is the expression “you guys” gendered? “Oprah says it. My yoga instructor says it. College students around the country say it. The cast of Friends says it, as do my own friends, over and over again.” “At least ten to twenty times a day, I hear someone say ‘you guys’ to refer to groups or pairs that include and some cases consist entirely of women.” (Bilger [2009]: 381)
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
41 8 “One guy is clearly male. How does a word become gender neutral just by being plural?” “Can the same culture that says ‘it’s a guy thing’ to refer to anything that women just don’t get about male behavior view a woman as ‘one of the guys?’” “During the same decades in which feminist critiques of generic uses of ‘man’ and ‘he’ led to widespread changes in usage—no mean feat—’you guys’ became even more widely accepted as an informal and allegedly gender-free phrase.” (Bilger [2009]: 382)
Image of page 8
41 9 Internalized Oppression “Most of us are familiar with the idea of internalized oppression, the subtle process by which members of disenfranchised groups come to accept their own lesser status.” “We need to recognize that accepting ‘guys’ as a label for girls and women is a particularly insidious example of that process.” (Bilger [2009]: 383)
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern