nilsenvocabulary-1-Intro

nilsenvocabulary-1-Intro - Chapter 1 The Theory behind a...

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25 1 Chapter 1 The Theory behind a Source-Based Approach Word families, matrices, connections, webs, gestalts, Venn Diagrams and semantic space Generative Semantics Conceptual Metaphors vs. Source-Based metaphors From the known to the unknown From the literal to the metaphorical Prediction and intelligent guessing (1)
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25 2 Vocabulary Plus: A Source-Based Approach www.ablongman.com/nilsen By Don L. F. Nilsen And Alleen Pace Nilsen
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25 3 Basic Assumptions English is constantly changing because of inventions, discoveries, social changes, paradigm shifts, etc. English is enriched by words from other languages. Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs have dozens of meanings. Words move from literal to “metaphorical” meanings. Words follow regular patterns as they acquire new meanings. (Nilsen & Nilsen 2)
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25 4 Basic Distinctions Bound vs. free morphemes Ambiguity vs. paraphrase vs. Anomaly Lexical vs. grammatical categories Eponymy (e.g. the Earl of Sandwich) Epiphany (e.g. Hellen Keller) Metonymy (e.g. 9/11/2001 and 911) Borrowing (French, Spanish, German, Latin/Greek, Arabic, American Indian Lgs. (Nilsen & Nilsen 2-5)
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25 5 Etymologies and Folk Etymologies Guerilla warfare Hero sandwich Hotdog Muskrat Pidgin Woodchuck (Nilsen & Nilasen 6)
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6 Eponyms Adam’s Apple Cesarean section Maudlin John Phillips Sousa was a musician in the military. Godfrey Derrick was a public executioner.
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nilsenvocabulary-1-Intro - Chapter 1 The Theory behind a...

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