rhetoricaldevices

rhetoricaldevices - by Don L F Nilsen ERRORS VS RHETORICAL...

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42 1 ERRORS VS. RHETORICAL DEVICES by Don L. F. Nilsen
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42 2 Ambiguity is bad. Puns, double entendre and paranomasia are good.
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42 3 DOUBLE ENTENDRE The playwright Oscar Hammerstein, who used to work in a cigar factory, said that a play is like a cigar. “If it’s good, everybody wants a box, and if it’s bad, no amount of puffing will make it draw.” (Nilsen 99)
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42 4 Cliches and trite expressions are bad. But idiomatic expressions are good.
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42 5 IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS “Even though you are not an acrobat or an infant, you can `put your foot in your mouth.’ If someone `has two left feet,’ we do not order special shoes. When someone `kicks the bucket’ we are more likely to head for the funeral home than for the mop closet.” (Lindfors 55)
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42 6 Confusion and chaos are bad. But enigma and paradox are good.
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42 7 PARADOX Aesop tells about a traveler who sought refuge with a satyr on a very cold night. It was so cold that the stranger blew on his hands to make them warm. The next morning the traveler was served some hot porridge, so he blew on it to make it cool. On seeing this, the satyr threw the traveler out of his home, for he would have nothing to do with a man who could blow hot and cold with the same breath. (Eschholz & Rosa [1981]: 99)
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42 8 Contradiction and incongruity are bad. But oxymorons and equivocations are good.
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42 9 OXYMORONS “Blanket” originally meant a “white cloth”; therefore, a “black blanket” is a concealed oxymoron. Other concealed oxymorons include “young senator,” “typed manuscript,” and “old novel.” (Christ 972).
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42 10 Doggerel is bad. Intentional doggerel is good.
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42 11 GOOD DOGGEREL I love you more than a duck can swim, And more than a grapefruit squirts, I love you more than commercials are a bore, And more than a toothache hurts. (Nash 153)
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42 12 Faulty grammar is bad. But anacoluthon (intentional faulty grammar) is good.
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42 13 ANACOLUTHON “I like meat better than any other vegetable except ice cream.” (Schwartz 25)
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42 14 Faulty parallelism is bad. But zeugma (intentional faulty parallelism) is good.
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42 15 ZEUGMA In a 1975 speech, Gerald Ford said that there are three major ways to be kept informed about what is going on in Washington: “The electronic media, the print media, and Doonesbury …not necessarily in that order. (Nilsen 100).
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16 Imitation and repetititiveness is bad. But parody and caricature
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rhetoricaldevices - by Don L F Nilsen ERRORS VS RHETORICAL...

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