{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

varies - VARIATION ANALYSIS See also “Prototype Theory”...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: VARIATION ANALYSIS See also “Prototype Theory” by Don L. F. Nilsen and Alleen Pace Nilsen 2 1 !BASIC ASSUMPTIONS • There are various ways of saying the same thing and saliences differ • These are affected by S.P.E.A.K.I.N.G. or the V.A.R.I.E.S. model 2 2 !!S.P.E.A.K.I.N.G. MODEL • • • • • • • • S-Setting P-Participants E-Ends A-Act Sequence K-Key Tone or Mood I-Instrumentalities (writing vs. speech) N-Norms (expectations of the situation) G-Genre (e-mail, chant, research paper) (Gumpers and Hymes 35-71) 2 3 !!!V.A.R.I.E.S. MODEL by Don and Alleen Nilsen • V-VOCATIONAL JARGON – Computer Guys, Doctors, Lawyers, Linguists, Teachers • A-AGE-RELATED LANGUAGE – Children, Teenagers, Old People – Old English, Middle English, (Early) Modern English • R-REGIONAL LANGUAGE – California, Canada, New York, South • I-INFORMAL OR FORMAL LANGUAGE – Casual Acquaintances, Lovers, Friends, Relatives • E-ETHNIC LANGUAGE – Blacks, Indians, Jews, Mexicans • S-SEX-RELATED LANGUAGE – Males, Females, Lesbians, Gays 2 4 Assaulted Peanut: A Pun 2 5 Raining Cats and Dogs: A Metaphor 2 6 References # 1: Clark, Virginia, Paul Eschholz, and Alfred Rosa. Language: Readings Clark, in Language and Culture, 2nd Edition. New York, NY: St. Martin’s in New Press, 1998. Press, Eschholz, Paul, Alfred Rosa, and Virginia Clark. Language Eschholz, Awareness, 10th Edition. New York, NY: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2009. Awareness, th Fromkin, Victoria, Robert Rodman, and Nina Hyams. An Introduction to Language, 8th Edition. Boston, MA: Thomson Wadsworth, 2007. Gumpers, John, and Dell Hymes, eds. “Models of the Interaction of Language and Social Life.” Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1972, 35-71. Marckwardt, Albert H., and J. L. Dillard. “Social and Regional Marckwardt, Variation” (Clark [1998]: 277-291). Variation” 2 7 References # 2: Mey, Jacob L. Pragmatics: An Introduction, 2nd Edition. Oxford, England, 2001. Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Don L. F. Nilsen. "Just How Ethnic is Nilsen, Ethnic Humor." Canadian Ethnic Studies/Études Ethniques au Canada. 38.1 (2006): 1-9. au Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Don L. F. Nilsen. Encyclopedia of 20th Century American Humor. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2000. Raskin, Victor, ed. The Primer of Humor Research. New York, Raskin, The New NY: Mouton de Gruyter, 2008. NY: Schiffrin, Deborah. Approaches to Discourse. Malden, MA: Schiffrin, Approaches Malden, Blackwell, 1994. Blackwell, 2 8 ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}