Lecture 11 Ch 11 - Lecture 11 Chapter 11 (pp. 355 to end)...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 11 Chapter 11 (pp. 355 to end) Anatomically Modern Humans, Upper Palaeolithic, Peopling of the New World
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
anatomically modern humans Homo sapiens sapiens subspecies (i.e. a variation that would not affect viable reproduction)
Background image of page 2
Pleistocene epoch (c. 1.8mya to c. 10,000 ya) ‘The Great Ice Age’ (really a series of ice ages) – a glacial period Wisconsin glaciation (the last ice age) (c. 117,000 ya to c. 10,000 ya or a little before) (called Würm or Weichsel in the Old World) coldest period of Wisconsin c. 20,000/18,000 ya Holocene epoch (c. 10,000 ya to present) – an interglacial period (a warm period) -warmest period of Holocene/climatic optimum = Hypsithermal (in Eastern N.A.)/ Altithermal (in western N.A.) (c. 5000 BC)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Chronological Guide: Chinese H. erectus from c. 2 mya or a little later to 200,000 ya or later H. erectus in Java - poss. 750,000 ya or before down to as late as 27,000 ya at Ngangdong H. neanderthalensis from 130,000 – 32,000 or 24,000 ya anatomically modern H. sapiens in Africa between 200,000 and 100,000 ya (prob. by 160,000 ya) anatomically modern H. sapiens in SW Asia (Levant) by c. 90,000 ya and in Europe c. 35,000ya
Background image of page 4
anatomically modern humans
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Morphological characteristics of anatomically modern H. sapiens: domed skull with tall braincase (large brain) distinct chin smaller jaws and teeth small/slight brow ridges retracted (less prognathous/less projecting) or flattish, smaller face fine or gracile post-cranial skeleton and cranial bones (some exceptions) narrowing of nasal aperture (some exceptions)
Background image of page 6
Herto, Ethiopia – c. 160,000 ya – ‘ Homo sapiens idaltu -human skulls and subsistence remains (e.g. fish, hippos) -defleshed skulls with a polish or patina from repetitive holding - and possible curated or saved and carried around and revered? (earliest death ritual evidence?) also poss. cannibalism! -some similarity to or continuity with Kabwe, Zambia (300,000ya) Archaics -some say this is evidence for the Out- of-Africa model (see below)
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sites with evidence for early anatomically moderns: Omo Kibish 1 , southern Ethiopia – skull – (maybe as early as 195,000 ya, but debated) Klasies River Mouth , South Africa – maxilla and mandible with a distinct chin – c. 90,000 ya Tianyuan Cave , China – mandible and partial skeleton – c. 41,000 ya (cf. Ordos , China – c. 50,000 ya) Lake Mungo , Australia - 40,000 ya (erectine traits) Skhul , Israel, - c. 90,000 ya (e.g. Skhul 5 – there before Neanderthals in area – eastward migration?)
Background image of page 8
Sites with evidence for early anatomically moderns (cont’d): Peştera cu Oase , Romania – e.g. Oase 2 skull is gracile with reduced browridges – 35,000 ya Dolni Vestonice , Czech Republic - 35,000- 26,000 ya – some Neanderthal-like traits Cro-Magnon , France and Grimaldi Caves , Italy - 30,000-25,000 ya
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cro-Magnon (in Europe) Jack L. Young II (i.e. Homo sapiens sapiens ) of Albuquerque, NM
Background image of page 10
-3 main models for the appearance of anatomically modern humans across much of the
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 100

Lecture 11 Ch 11 - Lecture 11 Chapter 11 (pp. 355 to end)...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 12. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online