Session 1 Psy 201 - Prepared Eric Shiraev Ph.D On these...

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Prepared: Eric Shiraev, Ph.D. 1 On these pages, you will find a selection of important materials for you lectures and tests as well as additional readings and links. They will be helpful in your exam preparations. Psychology 201 Materials for Session 1 Main definitions: Psychology: A scientific field examining human behavior, emotion, motivation, and cognition. Psychologist: A person educated and trained to perform psychological research, teaching, testing, and therapy. Psychiatry: The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of psychological disorders. Psychiatrist: a physician who specializes in psychiatry. Psycho: A popular term for being “crazy,” violent, dangerous, and insane. Psychic: A person who is believed to be capable of extraordinary mental processes, such as extrasensory perception and mental telepathy. Psychopath: A person with an antisocial personality disorder manifested in aggressive, perverted, criminal, or amoral behavior without empathy or remorse. Psychotic: A person with symptoms of psychosis (an older term for schizophrenia). Psychedelic: Something referring to distortions of perception, altered states of awareness, or hallucinations typically produced by or associated with the use of a drug. Psychoanalysis: The theory and method of psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Freud and based on an analysis of unconscious impulses. Psychotherapy: treatment of mental disorders or psychological problems by means involving verbal interaction between the therapist and the client.
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Prepared: Eric Shiraev, Ph.D. 2 Scientific knowledge. Knowledge based on systematic empirical observation, measurement, and evaluation of human behavior, emotion, motivation, and cognition. Popular beliefs. Convenient assumptions and common beliefs ( folk theories ) about human behavior, motivation, thought, and emotion. Value-based knowledge. Cohesive and stable assumptions about human psychology based on some fundamental beliefs about the world, the nature of good and evil, and the purpose of human life. Legal knowledge. The rules and principles within the law used for evaluation of human behavior and establishment of standards for right and wrong, legal and illegal. This material is adopted from: Eric Shiraev (2010). A History of Psychology: A global Perspective. Los Angeles: Sage . The first type is scientific knowledge. Its major source is science, or systematic empirical observation, measurement, and evaluation of facts. It is rooted in the scientific method, which is based on the use of cautious research procedures designed to provide reliable and verifiable evidence (Gergen, 2001). Supporters of the scientific method saw it as the exclusive arbiter of truth in psychology as a discipline. However, what was accepted as scientific varied greatly throughout history.
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Session 1 Psy 201 - Prepared Eric Shiraev Ph.D On these...

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