skinner2010-1 - B.F. Skinner 1904 - 1990 Radical...

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B.F. Skinner 1904 - 1990
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Radical Behaviorism Shouldn’t hypothesize about internal Only focus on external, observable events Should determine what events predict observable behaviors. “I was so frustrated yesterday, that I almost quit my job.” versus “I am observing within myself increasing degrees of frustration, which are raising the probability that I will inform my boss that I am quitting.”
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Operant Conditioning Learning based on consequences Behaviors that are rewarded will continue & behaviors that are punished will stop. Followed classical conditioning (Pavlov; Watson & Raynor)
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Skinner Box Shaping Successive Approximations Response Contingent
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Types of Operants Positive Reinforcement Presentation of something that increases the likelihood of that behavior Negative Reinforcement doing a behavior will take away an unpleasant ongoing event will increase the likelihood of that behavior Punishment painful/undesirable event following a behavior (pos. punishment) Something pleasant removed following a behavior (neg. punish)
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Types of Reinforcers Primary Reinforcers unlearned, biological (food, water, sex) Conditioned (Secondary) Reinforcers learned to be valuable (money, tokens) Generalized Reinforcers Associated with more than one primary Money, attention, affection “The bad do bad because the bad is rewarded. The good do good because the good is rewarded. Right now, our reinforcers for good and bad behavior are chaotic and out of our control. Let’s
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skinner2010-1 - B.F. Skinner 1904 - 1990 Radical...

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