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Unformatted text preview: Theories of Motivation: General Categories Regulatory (more biological basis) Instinct theory o Freud do instinctive behavior to reduce unconscious drive (aggression, sexuality) Drive Theory: biological drive reduction o Need drive behavior Nutrients hunger eating Cellular function thirst drinking Homeostasis: o Maintenance of biological conditions at optimal level Like a heating cooling system if room is too hot ac comes on if room too cold heat comes on o Says that we have optimal levels of being that we are trying to get to Arousal & Performance: Yerkes Dodson Model o For any task that you do there is an optimal level of arousal so you will do your best under those conditions You do best on a test when you are anxious enough to study but not so anxious that you get no sleep o Allows for you to have different types of curves of different types of tasks Certain tasks where arousal doesnt matter so much bc you are really good Certain tasks where arousal is very damaging Purposeful theories Incentive Theories o Expectancy Value Theory Weigh 2 things, the probability that it will occur and the value of what we get out of it We are motivated when we think we can reach the goals & when we value the outcomes o Intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation o Delayed gratification highly predictive of success candy out on the table, tell the 4 yr old kid that they can have candy but...
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course PSYC 200.101 taught by Professor Stephendrigotas during the Spring '11 term at Johns Hopkins.
- Spring '11