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Abnormal Psych 2nd Test

Abnormal Psych 2nd Test - Abnormal Psychology Test 2...

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Abnormal Psychology Test 2 Organic Mental Disorders: Brain Damage, impaired brain function eg. Drugs, accident Patient shows disordered orientation eg. Not knowing who they are where they are etc. Attention will also be impaired, need you to repeat questions for them to understand Memory impairment and loss of abstract ability is common If problem persists it is known as chronic Best concept to have stood the test of time Psychoneurosis and character pathologies: Anxiety or depression is part of the disorder, instead of a loss of capacity we see a quantitative decrease in capacity No gross alterations in their capacity but there is a quantitative decrease Anxiety or depression is categorized as psychoneurosis with no personality problem Character pathologies would be like aggression, also anti social personality disorder Psychoneurosis is ego alien, meaning not consistent with their self concept but they cant help themselves Character pathologies are ego symptonic meaning that they are consistent with the self concept Functional Psychoses: The loss of capacity to identify reality, qualitative difference to identify reality is called reality testing People think that others are out to get them Much more disabled quantitatively than psychoneurosis and character pathologies Affect is flat, show less emotion Organization of thought process is disconnected 3 reasons for evaluation -Description : give a description for cognitive function, emotional function, and behavior -Prediction : estimate what someone will do in a future situation based on what you know about the person today -Treatment plan: figure out if the person is treatable and what treatment is best for the person based on their disorder 3 problems with diagnoses: 1. Overinclusiveness vs. Underinclusivenss: the larger the category the more likely you are to include someone in that category who doesn’t belong 2. False positives vs. False negatives: false positive means the patient scored in the direction of the psychopathology so you conclude they have the disorder but in reality they don’t, false negative means they weren’t diagnosed with the disorder but they actually have it -The more general a category is the more it is to generate false positives eg. Major depression: 3. Give illusion of explanation but only give observation not cause
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4. Labels people: can be dehumanizing but there is some benefit for labels 5. Most diagnostic systems equate symptoms as if they are all equal: 6. Cross sectional rather than longitudinal measurement: diagnose a condition that has been there for 20 years in 5 minutes 7. Classification systems lose important information like strengths : 8. Many systems are not culturally sensitive: 9. Psychologists are often biased : especially in the forensic area there is often a bad attitude toward the patient, especially with insurance companies, sometimes causes the patient not to report all the symptoms 10. Confidentiality problem: often a problem with courts or employers when patient is
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