CatholicSocialThoughtHandout09 - disturbance of right order...

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Rel. 261/Gregory Catholic Social Thought 1. History Another 20 th century Revolution? “The transformation of the Roman Catholic Church from a bastion of the ancien regime into perhaps the world’s foremost institutional defender of human rights” (George Weigel) Democracy “best coheres with the Church’s vision of integral human development” (John Paul II) Vatican II, or the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) History of Catholic Attitudes to Liberalism: Hostility Toleration Admiration Endorsement Internal Criticism 2. Ideas 1) The Common Good (and personalism) vs. the Individual good 2) Subsidiarity, subsidium (help, aid)…the common good should be pursued at the lowest level of organization possible (ie, the family, the local township, etc. .) “Just as it is gravely wrong to take from individuals what they can accomplish by their own initiative and industry and give it to the community, so also it is an injustice and at the same time a grave evil and
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Unformatted text preview: disturbance of right order to assign to a greater and higher association what lesser and subordinate organizations can do.” “Things have come to such a pass through the evil of what we have termed “individualism” that, following upon the overthrow and near extinction of that rich social life which was once highly developed through associations of various kinds, there remain virtually only individuals and the State. This is to the great harm of the State itself; for with a structure of social governance lost, and with the taking over of all the burdens which the wrecked associations once bore, the State has been overwhelmed and crushed by almost infinite tasks and duties.” Quadragesimo Anno (1931) Faith Based Charities? School Vouchers? 3) Human Rights Do we need God in order to justify human rights? What is the relation between the idea of human rights and the idea of the limited state?...
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