gutierrezatheologyofliberation

gutierrezatheologyofliberation - A T HEOLOGY OF L...

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A THEOLOGY OF LIBERATIOI{ History, Politics and Salaati,on Gustaao Guti0mez Trunslated and edited bg Sister Cari,dad Inda and Joltn Eagleson
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To trosd Maria Arguedas and, Henri,qu,e Pereira Neto Tlrelfth Printing, January 1985 Originally published as Teologia de lo liberaci6n, perepeotitlas by CEP, Lima, 19?1 Copyright @ l9?3 Orbis Books, Maryknoll, New york 10646 Library of Congress Catalog Card Numberz 72-96790 : Cloth; ISBN 0-88344-4??1 Paper: ISBN: 0-88844-4?8X Manufectured in the United States of America
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CHAPTER ONE THEOLOGY: A CRITICAL REFLECTION Theological reflection-tbat is, the understanding of the faith-arises spontaneously and inevitably in the believer, in all those who have accepted the gift of the Word of God. Theology is intrinsic to a life of faith seeking to be authentic and complete and is, therefore, essential to the common consideration of this faith in the ecelesial community. There is present in s'll belieu' ors-and more so in every Christian community-arough outline of a theology. There is present an effort to understand the faith' something like a pre-understanding of that faith which is man- ifested in life, action, and concrete attitude. It is on this founda' tion, and only because of it, that the edifice of theology-in the precise and technical sense of the term-can be erected. This foundation is not merely a jumping-off point, but the soil into which theological reflection stubbornly and permanently sinks its roots and from which it derives its strength.r But the focus of theological work, in the strict sense of the term, has undergone many transformations throughout the his' tory of the Church. "Bound to the role of the Church, theology is dependent upon its historical development," writes Christian Duquoc.2 Moreover, as Congar observed recently, this evolution has accelerated to a certain extent in recent years: "The theologi- eal work has changed in the past twenty-five years."8 THE CLASSICAL TASKS OF TIIEOLOGY Theological study has fulfilled different functions throughout the history of the Christian community, but this does not neces-
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4 1 ATHEOLOGY OF LIBERATION sarily mean that any of these different approaehes has today been definitively superseded. Although expressed in different ways, the essential effort to understand the faith has remained. Moreover, the more penetrating and serious efforts have yielded decisive gains, opening paths along which all subsequent theological reflection must travel. In this perspective it is more accurate to speak of permanent tasks-although they have emerged at different momentsin the history of the Church-than of historically successive stages of tlieology. Two of these func- tions are considered classical: theology as wisdom and theology as rational knowledge. Theologg as Wi,sd,om In the early centuries of the Church, what we now term theology was closely linked to the spiritual life.a It was essentially a meditation on the Bible,t geared toward spiritual growth. Dis- tinctions were made between the .'beginners,', the faithful, and "advanced," who sought perfection.6
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gutierrezatheologyofliberation - A T HEOLOGY OF L...

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