HRNiebuhrHandout09

HRNiebuhrHandout09 - Religion 261/Gregory H. Richard...

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Religion 261/Gregory H. Richard Niebuhr (1894-1962), Christ & Culture (1951) Christ against Culture The Christ of Culture Christ Above Culture Christ and Culture in Paradox Christ the transformer of Culture What is a typology?: “an ideal construct of ideas, not generalizations about literature” James Gustafson, xxx. (For background, see Ernst Troeltsch, The Social Teachings of the Christian Churches . Niebuhr wrote his dissertation on Troeltsch). Christ against Culture (“exclusive Christian”) Tertullian, Donatists, Anabaptists, Amish, Mennonites, Tolstoy, Hauerwas (?) “uncompromisingly affirms the sole authority of Christ over the Christian and resolutely rejects culture’s claims to loyalty” (45) What does Athens have to do with Jerusalem? The Christ of Culture (“cultural Christian”) Abelard, Albrecht Ritschl, early Schleiermacher, Locke, Kant, Jefferson, Hegel, Emerson, Billy Graham (?) “in every culture to which the Gospel comes there are men who hail Jesus as the Messiah of their society, the fulfiller of its hopes and aspirations, the perfecter of its truth faith, the source of its holiest spirit” (83) “the Fatherhood of God and the Brotherhood of Man…It is the idea that the human situation is fundamentally characterized by man’s conflict with nature [rather than God]” (101) Christ Above Culture (“synthesists”) Aquinas Christ and Culture in Paradox (“dualists”) Luther, Reinhold Niebuhr Christ the transformer of Culture (“conversionist Christian”)
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HRNiebuhrHandout09 - Religion 261/Gregory H. Richard...

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