Class4_Morphology

Class4_Morphology - Morphology: What s in a word? Class 4,...

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Morphology: What±s in a word? Class 4, Week 2 S. Shademan
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Housecleaning ± HW2 is posted. ± Key for HW1 is posted. ± Read Chapter 3. Come to discussion sections with questions. ± Note1: the date for the midterm exam has changed: OCT 19th ± Note2: the listing of the assignments has changed. The updated assignments are posted on the course website, in the syllabus .
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Knowledge of Words ± We would understand many words without having heard them before. ² The decriminalization of marijuana ± How? ± Because we know the internal structure of them: ² Meaning of the individual parts of the word. ² The rules for constructing complex words from smaller parts.
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What do You Mean Internal Structure of Words?? ± The decriminalization of marijuana crime crimin al criminal ize de criminalize decriminaliza tion recriminalize recriminalization *recriminal, *recrime
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Morphology ± The study of the internal structure of words and the rules for combining parts of words to make morphologically complex words.
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Morphology Our tacit knowledge of morphological rules allows us to: ± Understand words we have never encountered before. ± Judge possible from impossible words. ± Create new words (one of the means of language change).
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We Recognize Common Words ± de- +X Æ X ±the reversal of a process² criminalize de criminalize contaminate de contaminate value de value compose de compose populate de populate militarize de militarize
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Words Not Encountered Before ± Less common, but well-formed: de personalize deoxidize de sulfurization de toxify de humidify de politicize
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Judge Possible from Impossible ± Never encountered before, but able to judge as ill-formed: * de person * de personal * de political * de sulfur * de realize * de signify
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Linguistic Knowledge ± Our knowledge of words consists of a dictionary/lexicon of words and parts of words (more to come on this). ± Our knowledge is not limited to a ±list.² Speakers show ±linguistic creativity² with respect to words.
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Linguistic Knowledge ± We understand complex words because we understand the meanings of the individual parts of the word and the rules for combining them. de ± person ± al ± iz ± ation
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Parts of Words = Morphemes ± Morpheme: the minimal unit of meaning.
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Class4_Morphology - Morphology: What s in a word? Class 4,...

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