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Ling1_Midterm_Review - Morphology Lexicon Morphological...

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Ling 1 Midterm Review Introduction to linguistics: Language instinct Linguistic creativity Linguistic universals Discrete combinatorial system: finite words ! infinite sentences Recursion Constraints Language vs. communication Relationship between language and thought Linguistic Determinism (Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis) Linguistic Relativity Descriptive vs. prescriptive grammar Grammaticality judgments Language and the mind/brain: Human language vs. animal communication Properties of the brain Cerebral hemispheres Contralateral processing Localization and lateralization Aphasia (be able to tell from an utterance what type of aphasia the patient has) Broca’s aphasia Wernicke’s aphasia Conduction aphasia Anomia Split brain Components of language Syntax, phonology, semantics, morphology, pragmatics Infant studies Critical period and wild children Linguistic functions of each hemisphere Specific language impairment Know the information from the video (refer to slides for names and summaries)
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Unformatted text preview: Morphology: Lexicon Morphological rules (be able to read and apply them) Morpheme Bound vs. free Allomorphs Root Stem Affix Prefix, Suffix, Infix, Circumfix Derivation vs. inflection Content words vs. function words Word trees Reduplication Compounds Productivity vs. non-productivity Blends Clipping Backformation Misanalysis Borrowing Be sure to be able to analyze non-English data Syntax: Ambiguity Lexical vs. structural ambiguity Language-specific vs. universal rules Competence vs. performance Speech errors Garden paths Structure vs. meaning Syntactic category Phrase structure rules S ! NP VP, etc. Dominate Sister Node Head Complement Specifier Predicate Subject Direct object Constituency Constituency tests (stand-alone, pronoun replacement, movement, etc.) Experimental evidence for constituency C-selection (subcategorization) Motivations for X’ level Modifiers Dependencies Agreement Transformational rules (questions, passives, etc.) Form vs. meaning Compositionality...
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Ling1_Midterm_Review - Morphology Lexicon Morphological...

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