This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Morphology: Lexicon Morphological rules (be able to read and apply them) Morpheme Bound vs. free Allomorphs Root Stem Affix Prefix, Suffix, Infix, Circumfix Derivation vs. inflection Content words vs. function words Word trees Reduplication Compounds Productivity vs. non-productivity Blends Clipping Backformation Misanalysis Borrowing Be sure to be able to analyze non-English data Syntax: Ambiguity Lexical vs. structural ambiguity Language-specific vs. universal rules Competence vs. performance Speech errors Garden paths Structure vs. meaning Syntactic category Phrase structure rules S ! NP VP, etc. Dominate Sister Node Head Complement Specifier Predicate Subject Direct object Constituency Constituency tests (stand-alone, pronoun replacement, movement, etc.) Experimental evidence for constituency C-selection (subcategorization) Motivations for X’ level Modifiers Dependencies Agreement Transformational rules (questions, passives, etc.) Form vs. meaning Compositionality...
View Full Document
- Winter '08
- Grammar, aphasia Conduction aphasia, Constituency Constituency, hemisphere Specific language impairment