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Unformatted text preview: Syntax cheat-sheet UPDATED EVERY time you see one of these phrase types, the tree will look as shown below (with the exception of added X levels for modifiers, as discussed at the end of this handout). This is an update from last weeks cheat sheet. The main changes are: The S root node looks slightly different there is now an extra VP layer which contains a place for auxiliaries (can, could, should, may, must, will, be, have, etc.) and tense (past and present). Modifiers and X levels (see end of handout). Note: you ONLY have to add in X levels when you need them (i.e., when there are modifiers), though you will not be penalized if you include unnecessary X levels. The Root (Sentence) Node: S NP subject VP Aux tense(past/present)/auxiliaries VP V verb XP complement(s) General Schema (for all phrases with no modifiers): XP X head YP complement Noun Phrase (no modifiers): NP Det the/a/some/ N noun 1 Intransitive Verb Phrase (no object, no modifiers):...
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This note was uploaded on 02/28/2011 for the course LING 1 taught by Professor Schuh during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.
- Winter '08