Anth-202-fal-10-L03-Time-Space

Anth-202-fal-10-L03-Time-Space - ANTHROPOLOGY 202 (500):...

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1 ANTHROPOLOGY 202 (500): INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGY Lecture 3, 09/07/10: Time and Space, Archaeological Dating and Spatial Association Finding Sites and Knowing Where You Are: Reading the Landscape A. Archaeological Survey Design Purpose of surveying is to map the physical remains of human activity Surveys must be designed with project goals in mind 3. Geological factors that affect preservation and visibility of sites must be considered; especially important is knowledge of sediment-deposition environments B. Various Archaeological Survey Recovery Methods, including: 1. Walk-over (surface inspection) 2. Shovel/auger testing 3. Remote Sensing – aerial photo 4. Magnetometer and ground penetrating radar C. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) 1. Software applications that enable archaeologists to bring together different types of spatial data and examine them together 2. Software “layers” information allowing users to look at as few or as many types of information as needed at one time D. UTM Universal Transverse Mercator: A grid system whereby and east coordinates provide a location anywhere in the world, precise to 1 m Archaeological Excavation Horizontal Excavation: used to expose remains of a single point in time; for example, the floor of a longhouse or site of Pompeii B. Vertical Excavation: used to expose a sequence of occupation; for example, any site that has been occupied repeatedly over time while sediment deposition continued, resulting in a deeply buried site C. Stratigraphy 1. Law of Superposition: in an undisturbed depositional sequence, each 1
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2 layer is younger than the layer beneath 2. Stratigraphy on archaeological sites a. Refers to the accumulation of strata from geological and anthropogenic deposits
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Anth-202-fal-10-L03-Time-Space - ANTHROPOLOGY 202 (500):...

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