Immigration Outline Chapter 25 -Peretz-

Immigration Outline Chapter 25 -Peretz- - The New...

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The New Immigration a. Anglo-Saxon Immigrants i. 1850s-1870s – 2 million immigrants ii. 1880s – 5 million immigrants iii. Most came from Britain or W. Europe iv. Most immigrants were Anglo-Saxon, which were usually Protestant (except Catholic Irish and Germans) v. High rate of literacy vi. These people used to a representative government vii. Farming/Agriculture was normal to them b. Tide of Immigrants Change (Newer Cultures) i. 1880s – Came from S. and E. Europe (Italians, Croats, Slovaks, Greeks, and Poles); Early 1880s – 19% came from these areas; Late 1880s – 66% came from these areas (showing BIG BOOM) ii. Were either orthodox or Jewish iii. Came from countries with little history of democratic government (differs from Anglo-Saxon Immigration) iv. Most were illiterate and poor (sought industrial jobs in urban areas- this will be important later ) v. Many settled in the “Little Italys” of cities vi. Some Americans feared that these New Immigrants would not assimilate to life in their new land, and citizens began asking if the nation had become a melting pot or a dumping ground (animosity)
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III. Southern Europe Uprooted a. Why Were Immigrants Coming To America? i. Europe had no room for them – population of Old World was growing quickly, thanks to American foodstuffs (fish, grain, potatoes)- more food=higher life expectancy ii. European industrialization – peasants left their farms for factories in European cities; some went to America
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Immigration Outline Chapter 25 -Peretz- - The New...

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