Biol 104, Dr. Espinoza, S10 Study Sheet for Chapter 39 Locomotion & Support Systems Modified with permission from Dr. Denny Smith Some of this information will be found in your readings, some in your lecture notes. 1. Give a description of the three functions of skeletal system. 2. Briefly describe three types of skeletons found in the animal kingdom. 3. How does a hydrostatic skeleton work? Include circular & longitudinal muscles and pressure in your description. What is a muscular hydrostat and give an example. 4. What are some advantages and disadvantages to having an arthropod exoskeleton? 5. What are the advantages to having an endoskeleton? 6. What are the non-support and non-locomotory functions of the human skeleton? 7. What are the two types of ossification? Describe how each type of ossification occurs. 8. Describe the anatomy of a long bone. (Include the difference between compact and spongy bone, and by defining articular cartilage, osteons, medullary cavity, growth plate
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sarcoplasmic reticulum, Dr. Denny Smith, hydrostatic skeleton work, Support Systems Modified