risse 2005 - how does the global order harm the poor

risse 2005 - how does the global order harm the poor -...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
© 2005 by Blackwell Publishing, Inc. Philosophy & Public Affairs 33 , no. 4 I. I ntroduction A More than 20 percent of the world population lives in abject poverty, on less than $ 1 per day, and about 50 percent on less than $ 2 . 1 Twenty-five percent is illiterate. The two-and-a-half billion people in low-income countries have an infant mortality rate of over one hundred for every thousand live births, compared to six in high-income countries. Accord- ing to widely circulating statistics, the ratio between rich and poor has increased dramatically: in 1820 , the ratio in average per capita incomes was three to one, in 1960 sixty to one, and in 1997 seventy-four to one. The contrast between lavishly rich North Americans whose urgent ques- tions of the day are about where to go for dinner and when to meet one’s How Does the Global Order Harm the Poor? MATHIAS RISSE Thanks to Eric Cavallero, Derya Honça, Michael Ignatieff, Margaret Jenkins, Simon Keller, Hélène Landemore, Jennifer Pitts, Thomas Pogge, Christopher Robichaud, Dennis Thompson, Leif Wenar, Kenneth Winston, and especially the Editors of Philosophy & Public Affairs for comments or discussion, and to Ricardo Hausmann, Lant Pritchett and Dani Rodrik for conversations about development. Thanks to the members of the Faculty Fellows seminar at the Center for Ethics and the Professions at Harvard University, the Montreal political theory colloquium, the participants in the Kline conference on “Equal- ity, Poverty, and Global Justice” at the University of Missouri at Columbia, and audiences at the University of Konstanz (especially to Gerald Schneider, who was a commentator on one occasion), where I presented parts of this material. This article is related to both Risse, “What We Owe to the Global Poor,” Journal of Ethics 9 ( 2005 ): 81 117 ; and Risse, “Do We Owe the Global Poor Assistance or Rectification?” Ethics and International Affairs 19 ( 2005 ): 9 18 . The former develops an account of what is owed to the poor based on the Institutional Thesis introduced in Section II below. The latter argues that the global order should plau- sibly be credited with advances over the historically normal situation of misery. Together, these three pieces offer answers to normative questions about the global order that oppose Thomas Pogge’s views in World Poverty and Human Rights (Cambridge: Blackwell, 2002 ). 1 . These data are documented in Section IV.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
personal trainer, and cotton farmers in Mali with barely enough to survive could hardly be starker, and becomes depressing if we recall that U.S. cotton subsidies exacerbate their plight. Such facts are especially alarming since our world is politically and economically interconnected, a continuous global society based on local territorial sovereignty, whose fate is shaped not merely by states, but also by transnational and transgovernmental networks, structures aptly called the global political and economic order . Since there is such an order, the radically unequal distribution of advantage may not be an aggregative phenomenon arising from many disconnected causes.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern