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Department of GeographyGEOG2090 Introduction to Geographic Information SystemsAnswer Sheet of Exercise 1___________________________________________________________________________You are required to answer the following questions in completing Exercise 1 by your owneffort.Type your answers in the word file and print the answer sheet for submission.Pleasealso complete the provided cover sheet on page 1.1.Create a map layout in the landscapesetting of a full A4paper to show the relationshipsbetween the locations of earthquakes and the tectonic plates. Export the layout as a .jpgimage file and insert it with your submission (on the last page).Consider the essentiallayers to fulfill this mapping objective. Also insert the following map elements in theLayout: a meaningful title, a scale bar, a legend, and a north arrow. (20 points).Hints: 1) Do not attempt to include every available layer. Only select those that arerelevant to your mapping objective. 2) Also label each layer properly to help readersunderstand what your map is about. For example, rename the “City_join_Searthquakes”layer to “Cities near forceful earthquakes”. 3) Select font sizes and colors which aredistinguishable or easily seen against the map/image background. 4) Do not use fancyfonts that are hard to read (e.g.,Earthquake distribution). Always be mindful tokeep things simple and direct.2.This exercise covers the operational steps to make use of six basic GIS functions.Basedon the GIS functions listed in the first column of the table below, you are asked to list thesteps conducted in this exercise against each function and briefly explain what they haveaccomplished. The first row is completed for your reference (40 points).GISFunctionSteps conducted inthis exerciseExplain what they have accomplished in theexerciseCapture1 to 13 under Step 1The functions enable reading and displaying datain the vector (e.g.,earthquake_SEAsia, cities,Continents) and raster (e.g.,SEAsia.jpg) formats.Store9 to 11 under Step 28 under Step 3The function allows the ArcMap to act as a datastorage, for example, ‘export data’,the strongestearthquakes, with edited details, to save as anoutput layer for later analysis, and acts as aretrieval system, which includes ‘add data’ fromthe database to be used for GIS operations.