Exam 4 Reviewww[1]

Exam 4 Reviewww[1] - Exam 4 Potential Short Answer...

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Exam 4 Potential Short Answer Questions 1. Define the term emotion. positive and negative feeling states consisting of patterns of physiological arousal, expressive behavior, and conscious experience 2. Describe the James-Lange theory of emotion. they flip the last two situations, so firstly eliciting stimulus (events = see a bear) autonomic arousal (behavioral responses = run away, heart pounding faster, sweating) conscious emotion (feeling = fear) 3. What is the facial feedback hypothesis (presented in lecture) and which theory of emotion does it support? how your muscles in your face move can change your emotion – James-Lange Theory. Ex: o Hold pen with teeth forms smiling face better scoring o Hold pen with lips forms frown face worse scoring 4. Describe the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion. What is one criticism they had of the James-Lange theory? when we feel scared, we start shaking a few seconds after the event happened because andrenaline in our body need some time (few seconds) to raise, so, firstly eliciting stimulus subcortical activity in thalamus (1) autonomic arousal (2) conscious emotion. they argue that James-Lange Theory don’t have dual processing unlike Cannon- Bard Theory; emotion reaction goes to thalamus first and divided into 2 parts of brain 5. Describe Schachter & Singer’s two-factor theory of emotion and Lazarus’s cognitive appraisal theory of emotion (the second theory was presented in lecture). Schachter : eliciting stimulus appraisal (situation) arousal (physiological response) appraisal (how you interpret things) and arousal interact to produce emotion Lazarus : eliciting stimulus appraisal arousal arousal is not as important as appraisal, appraisal plays more important role to produce emotion 6. What are three brain structures involved in emotion (presented in lecture)? 1. Prefrontal cortex (PFC) the ability to manage and regulate your emotion (show them when you feel you like to and don’t show when you feel you don’t want to) 2. Hypothalamus
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fighting and fleeing. When you receive something that is threatening, your hypothalamus will coordinate body reaction to that 3. Amygdala connected to fear and aggression, processing thing related to biology, and process things in unconscious condition 7. What exactly is a lie detector test and what are the major assumptions behind its use (in other words, how can experts tell when people are lying)? lie detector test = its harder to lie with physiology (heart rate goes up, gsr increase, skin sweating although not a drop of sweat) 8. What considerations and research evidence challenge the validity of the lie detector? What kinds of errors by experts are most likely?
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Exam 4 Reviewww[1] - Exam 4 Potential Short Answer...

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