Clinical+S08 - Introduction to Psychology Lecture 13 The...

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1 Introduction to Psychology Lecture 13: The Treatment of Psychological Disorders (Clinical Psychology) Psychological Disorders & Their Treatment Elements of Treatment Theoretical approaches to treatment – Biomedical approaches – Psychodynamic approaches – Social-cognitive approaches – Humanistic approaches Basic Features of Treatment Client or Patient Therapist who is accepted as capable of helping the client. Establishment of a special relationship between the client and therapist. Theoretical explanation about the causes of the client’s problems.
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2 15% of U.S. population in a given year Women more than men Medical insurance Education level Who Seeks Treatment? Providers of Psychological Treatment • Psychiatrists • Psychologists Clinical Social Workers Marriage and Family Therapists Licensed Professional Counselors Psychiatric Nurses Substance Abuse Counselors Pastoral Counselors Who People See for Therapy
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3 Types of Treatment Biomedical therapies Biological functioning interventions Insight therapies “talk therapy” • Psychoanalysis Client-centered therapy Groups therapy Behavior therapies Changing overt behavior Psychological Disorders & Their Treatment Elements of Treatment Theoretical approaches to treatment Biomedical approaches – Psychodynamic approaches – Social-cognitive approaches – Humanistic approaches Biomedical Therapies Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) • Psychosurgery – e.g., Prefrontal lobotomy Psychoactive Drugs – Neuroleptics or antipsychotics – Antidepressants – Lithium and anticonvulsants – Anxiolytics
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4 Biological Aspects of Psychology and the Treatment of Disorders Therapeutic psychoactive drugs affect neurotransmitters and their receptors.
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