Review Slides for Exam I Fall 2019.pptx - Plato The Republic \u2022 Plato(ca 427\u2013347 BC was an influential philosopher in Athens Greece \u2022 Student of

Review Slides for Exam I Fall 2019.pptx - Plato The...

This preview shows page 1 - 13 out of 174 pages.

Plato, The Republic Plato (ca. 427–347 BC) was an influential philosopher in Athens, Greece Student of Socrates, teacher of Aristotle Author of philosophical dialogues— foundational for Western thought and Christianity Republic is a dialogue written ca. 380 BC The subject is justice, the state, and mankind
Image of page 1
Musical Terms Medieval Music Troubadours Bernart de Ventadorn Comtessa Beatriz de Dia Guillaume de Machaut
Image of page 2
Genre A general category of music or art (e.g. opera, symphony, string quartet, rock, blues, polka) Characterized by style, form, and instrumentation, or subject matter Genre identification may be somewhat subjective , as musical artists often blend or cross genre lines and genre characteristics may shif over time
Image of page 3
Fundamentals of Music Pitch (frequency); The degree to which a given sound seems “high” or “low” Dynamics (Amplitude or volume): The degree to which a given sound seems loud or soft ( piano = soft; forte = strong or loud) Texture : The complexity, density or number of different musical voices (or instruments) in a piece Timbre : The “color” or idiomatic character of a musical tone
Image of page 4
Melody A tune An organized sequence of pitches, organized rhythmically, often displaying musical shape Principal part of harmonized music The part that gets stuck in your head!
Image of page 5
Harmony Simultaneous sounding of different pitches
Image of page 6
Rhythm Rhythm : The arrangement of musical sounds within the dimension of time Beat : Pulse—how musical time is measured Tempo : The rate at which beats occur (speed) Accents : Beats or notes that are emphasized
Image of page 7
Form The shape, structure, or architecture of music May consist of a series of sections, with or without repetition A piece composed without significant repetition is called “through composed”
Image of page 8
Listening: Ashokan Farewell (1982) by Jay Ungar Melody Pitch, rhythm, shape Harmony supports and blends with melody Texture & Timber – contrast and interweaving of violin & guitar Form Alternation of A section and B section
Image of page 9
High Medieval Culture “High Middle Ages” refers generally to the period 1000—1300 AD (or so) Marked by reasonably stable and prosperous society based on an agrarian Feudalism Society comprised several main groups : Those who fight Those who pray Those who work A small but growing class of merchant traders
Image of page 10
High Medieval Culture Characterized by: The complete permeation of religion Developments of plowing technology allowing a great increase in agricultural yield Rise of heavy mounted cavalry among the nobility (“Knights in Shining Armor”) The Crusades (1095–1291) The code of Chivalry and revived learning Development of incredible architectural skill Castle fortifications Gothic cathedrals
Image of page 11
Troubadours Troubadours were courtly musicians , often of noble rank, who began to flourish at the courts of Southern France during the twelfth century Included both male and female musicians Often used “courtly love” for subject matter; this usually involved the expression of an intense romantic longing without hope of carnal fulfillment.
Image of page 12
Image of page 13

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 174 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture