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Class 5: The Role of Interest Groups in Canada
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Class 5: The Role of Interest Groups Agenda Administration 10:00-10:05 Quiz 10:05-10:35 Summary from Class 4 10:35-11:10 Break 11:10-11:25 What is an Interest Group? 11:25-11:40 Types of Groups? 11:40-12:00 How Interest Groups Try to Influence Public Policy 12:00-12:20 Interest Groups – Cultivating Cash 12:20-12:40 12:40-1:00
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Class 5: Role of Interest Groups Outcomes By the end of today you will: Understand and be able to explain what Interest groups are. Be able to use a framework for classifying Interest groups Understand how Interest groups lobby government and business
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Class 5: Accountability in the Public Sector
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Role of Government Common Areas of Agreement 1. Legal Framework 2. Policy: Health, Education, Defense, Infrastructure 3. Taxation
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Problems with Free Market Concepts 1. Failure of Competition 2. The Public Good 3. Externalities 4. Incomplete Market 5. Inefficient Capital Markets 6. Information Failure 7. Macro Economic Disequilibrium
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Public and Business – What is the Difference? Focus: Business Administration the focus is primarily on the company. Focus: Public Administration the focus is more diverse. The Legislature, The Executive, The Judiciary and The Bureaucracy.
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The Civil Service The basic organizational unit is the Ministry or Department. A Ministry usually discharges a single substantive function. Example: The Ministry of Health. Ministries are headed by a Deputy Minister who, while reporting to the Minister, is generally viewed as non-political.
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Role of the Civil Service While the civil service is theoretically supposed to be concerned only with the administration of policy, in practice the vast majority of government initiatives originates within the civil service. This is because the civil service is a solution provider. While politicians are good at identifying problems they are not so good at fixing them.
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Why Separate Administration from Politics? It is important to separate administration from politics. Politics is about exercising power, carrying out the will of the electorate. Public Administration is about carrying out the will of the political decision-maker to the best of your ability. Reality the public sector has a great deal of decision making power – Why?
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Why has it grown as a practice? Cooperative action has increased our ability to accomplish goals and tasks that better society as a whole. The human capacity for want is virtually unlimited whereas the resources to meet these needs is limited.
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Accountability Central to a Democratic Government The ability for the people to hold government officials accountable Vehicles of accountability Opposition parties A free press Accountability is exercised through the electoral ballot box
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Political Accountability – Ministerial Accountability The concept of the anonymity of the Public Service is based on
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course ADMS 1010 taught by Professor Jurkowski during the Spring '09 term at York University.

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yorkufiveF10posted - Class 5: The Role of Interest Groups...

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