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Unformatted text preview: Unit Four: Evolution Chapter 22 - Darwin MULTIPLE CHOICE . Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) What is the name of the person who devised a taxonomic system that used morphological (i.e., anatomical) features as the primary criteria for classifying organisms? A) Alfred Wallace B) Carolus Linnaeus C) Jean Baptiste Lamarck D) Charles Lyell E) Charles Darwin 2) Which statement is most consistent with the natural theology that was prevalent in Europe and America during Darwin's life? A) To love God is to love nature. B) God is nature. C) Nature reflects God's intelligent design. D) God can be discerned only through the study of nature. E) God is all-natural. 3) On which of the following did Linnaeus base his classification system? A) the fossil record B) evolutionary history C) morphology and anatomy D) only A and B are correct E) A, B, and C are correct 4) Catastrophism was Cuvier's attempt to explain A) evolution. B) the origin of new species. C) the fossil record. D) natural selection. E) uniformitarianism. 5) What was the prevailing notion prior to the time of Lyell and Darwin? A) The Earth is millions of years old and populations gradually change. B) The Earth is 6,000 years old and populations are unchanging. C) The Earth is 6,000 years old and populations gradually change. D) The Earth is millions of years old and populations rapidly change. E) The Earth is millions of years old and populations are unchanging. 6) During a study session about evolution, one of your fellow students remarks, "The giraffe stretched its neck while reaching for higher leaves; its offspring inherited longer necks as a result." Which statement most accurately corrects the student's misconception? A) Disuse of an organ may lead to its eventual disappearance. B) Only favorable adaptations have survival value. C) Spontaneous mutations can result in the appearance of new traits. D) Overproduction of offspring leads to a struggle for survival. E) Characteristics acquired during an organism's life are not passed on through genes. 7) The statement "Improving the intelligence of an adult through education will result in that adult's descendants being born with a greater native intelligence" is an example of A) uniformitarianism. B) Lamarckism. C) natural theology. D) scala naturae. E) Darwinism....
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