lec1029ethics

lec1029ethics - IE 597B Human-Centered Product...

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IE 327 1 IE 597B Human-Centered Product Design (Global Ethics) Dr. Andris Freivalds Class #20
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IE 327 2 Professional Code of Ethics for Professional Engineers 1. Hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public 2. Perform services only in areas of their competence 3. Issue public statements only in objective and truthful manner 4. Act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees
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IE 327 3 Code of Ethics ( con’t ) 1. Avoid deceptive acts 2. Conduct themselves honorably, responsibly, ethically, and lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputation and usefulness of the profession http://www.iienet.org/public/articles/details.cfm?id=79 http://www.nspe.org/ethics/eh1-code.asp
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IE 327 4 What is ethics ? Set of moral guidelines? Code of behavior? Set of absolute values? What about prudence? What about legality?
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IE 327 5 HISTORICAL CONTEXT Frames of thinking - 1) Duty-based Universal principle-Golden rule : “do no harm” Christianity: “ Do unto others as you would have them do unto you” Judaism: “ What is hurtful to yourself do not do to your fellow man” Islam: “ Do unto all men as you would they should do unto you” Limitations: Controverted to “ Eye for an eye Consequences may matter Emotions may enter (cognitive – Spock)
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IE 327 6 2) Virtue-based thinking What would a virtuous/moral person do? Do good, be virtuous Care for an individual (care-based) Human relations Limitations: Care may be relativistic Virtues may vary
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IE 327 7 3) Consequences-based thinking ( utilitarianism ) Everything evaluated as a utility Costs Human welfare Pleasure Produce the greatest overall good for the greatest number of people Limitations: All individuals considered equal All possible consequences may not be considered: Ex. Pinto
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lec1029ethics - IE 597B Human-Centered Product...

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