The TRIPs Agreement truly revolutionized intellectual property right

The TRIPs Agreement truly revolutionized intellectual property right

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Intellectual Property Rights and the Global Health Crisis The TRIPs Agreement truly revolutionized intellectual property rights, composing a “comprehensive set of intellectual property protection standards” (Regime Shifting, 23). Although the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, dealt with the very issue of the international implications of intellectual property, the new agreement created a comprehensive agreement that specially dealt with intellectual property within the sphere of trade. The TRIPs agreement obligated countries to enforce IP standards who had not enforced them before. Every individual who creates an intangible creation has the right to that piece of property. However, when that piece of intellectual property is needed to save lives the playing field changes. Nigeria strongly believes that access to medicine is an international human right guaranteed by the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights. Article 25 states, “everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care.” Every person has the right to medicine, not just the ones who control all of the money. The majority of the research is being done on diseases that primarily affect the developed world. This is highly problematic because it is leaving the developing countries with diseases without cures and expensive patented vaccines. Currently, over 70% of our population is under the poverty line. Even as the Nigerian government works hard to reinvigorate the economy, many Nigerians remain without access to medicine. This increasing lack of access to medicine contributes to thousands of deaths in Nigeria every year (Medicine Supply Management In Nigeria, 117). Nigeria recognizes the inherent tension between the rights of underprivileged people to have health care and the rights of patent holders to benefit from their products. Nevertheless, Nigeria strongly believes that the dignity of people supersedes
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economic profits. Also, the patenting of medication allows the producer to benefit while underprivileged men, women and children whiter away. Nigeria sincerely affirms that as access to medicine increases, so too will the amount of people positively contributing to the economy. Goal Six of the Millenium Development goals aims to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases. This goal will be unattainable without allowing for fair access to medicine around the world, in developed and developing nations. The first issue that has to be addressed in relation to the TRIPS Agreement is the crippling effect they have on the developing nations. Firstly, they required that member nations institutionalize intellectual property protection standards. Nigeria currently maintains patent laws and enforces them. However, we are deeply concerned regarding the strictures that TRIPs imposing and its ramifications on the global health crisis. As a developing country, Nigeria actively participates in the economy. It is a member of
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