3 Culture.ppt

3 Culture.ppt - way of life for a group or society...

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way of life for a group or society includes……….
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material & nonmaterial artifacts of a group Material artifacts Nonmaterial artifacts --what we think
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Material Culture Material Culture includes tangible aspects of life Natural resources Technology to use them Things we make with them Transportation, energy, water, etc. infrastructure Consumer goods Symbols….
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A few examples of symbols
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Symbols Symbols Meaning is understood by others in the same culture Reality is in the meaning of things; meaning is the basis of culture Meaning varies between cultures Meaning varies between cultural subgroups in same society Examples: confederate flag, fur coat Meaning is linked to nonmaterial culture.
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Language Language includes nonverbal gestures system of symbols to communicate fluid: responds to social change. Ex: downtime, google, text message, WMDs, dot.coms facilitates cultural transmission many groups have some special language Ex: rappers, lawyers, police, nurses, accountants you are learning some sociological language not only is it shaped by culture, it also shapes culture -- how we think Ex: English verb tenses emphasize linear time Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis know our world only in terms of our language
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Nonmaterial Culture Nonmaterial Culture includes -- includes --
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Nonmaterial Culture Nonmaterial Culture Beliefs Beliefs --shared ideas about the world that a group accepts as true Vary by culture For example, Hindus believe: – love, non-violence, & good conduct are the path to personal union with god and the truth within They are free to find own way: “Truth is one, paths are many.” Meditation and self-inquiry are essential. – no eternal damnation or hell – “reincarnation”--after a person dies his/her soul is reborn into a new life – “karma”-- individual molds own future through thoughts, words, & deeds. » Live a bad life and you will be reborn as a lower life form. A murderer might come back as a cockroach. » Live a good life and come back in a higher status position. – all life is sacred Beliefs provide the basis for values and norms .
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Nonmaterial Culture Nonmaterial Culture Values Values --shared ideas about desirable, morally correct conduct, appearance, goals, and feelings Different cultural beliefs and values are a source of much conflict in the world today Examples Radical Islamic movement against perceived western immorality and imperialism “Culture wars” in the U.S. over abortion, prayer in the school, gay marriage, stem cell research, etc. Resurgence of leftist movement in Latin America led by President Hugo Chavez who nationalized Venezuela’s oil industry in a strategy for development and integration of Latin America that relies more on centrally controlled economies than the free markets that Americans value along with…
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Core American Values Core American Values Individualism Individualism right to life liberty and pursuit of happiness Equality Equality only of opportunity (equal access to education, jobs,
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Sullivan during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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3 Culture.ppt - way of life for a group or society...

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