8 Race_Ethnicity.ppt

8 Race_Ethnicity.ppt - Social Inequality: Race and...

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Social Inequality: Social Inequality: Race and Ethnicity Race and Ethnicity Source: All the Colors We Are by Katie Kissinger and Wernher Krutein
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Race and ethnicity are often a basis for social stratification. Extreme case: Apartheid caste system in South Africa (Apartheid = state sponsored discrimination) race determined by tracing ancestry back 14 generations Black, White, Coloured, Indian classification recognized by law one nonDutch/English ancestor made you “Coloured” had to carry a racial identity card because appearance didn’t matter, only genealogy did; nonwhites needed permits to live or visit white areas groups were separated in residence, education, occupation, hospitals, buses, trains, theaters, beaches, graveyards, parks, etc. nonwhites not allowed to vote in “white South Africa” or have sex w/ whites forced relocation programs to separate groups more fully Officially ended in 1993, but severe inequality remains a legacy This PowerPoint will address: the definition of race/ethnic categories how are they used how are they linked to prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination the consequences of being in a “minority” category I will highlight Brazil along with the U.S.
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What’s my race/ethnicity? A. Asian B. Black C. White, not Hispanic D. Hispanic
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Answer: Depends where he is. He was born in Goa on the East coast of India that was invaded by Muslims & Hindus, then colonized by Portugal in 1510, and taken by force by an independent India in 1961 Goa has a mixed culture 1/3 are Christian which is very unusual in India. Went to college in England where he was labeled black, like all Indians there Moved to Brazil where he became white under Brazil’s appearance-based racial classification system If he applied for a job at ASU: we could classify him as Asian, as we do all people from India, Pakistan, Nepal, etc. Or, we might incorrectly classify him as Hispanic because he is now a Brazilian citizen and we often lump everyone from “Latin America” into Hispanic, including many of diverse European heritage and Brazilians who speak Portuguese, not Spanish, because they were colonized by Portugal, not Spain
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So, what are race and ethnicity? “pigments of our imagination”? social constructs, not biological constructs In biology for a species to have races, there must be distinct groups that don’t interbreed, although they could, if given a chance Humans have substantial gene flow between all groups that we call “races” or “ethnicities.” They don’t meet the biological criteria. social constructs have very real social, economic,
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8 Race_Ethnicity.ppt - Social Inequality: Race and...

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