9 Gender.ppt

9 Gender.ppt - Gender Inequality Sex = biological concept...

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Gender Inequality
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Sex Sex = = biological concept based on primary sex characteristics-- those linked to reproduction male female intersexed-- have at least some of both types of organs Gender Gender = social construction based on cultural beliefs about appropriate appearance & behavior of sexes masculine feminine transsexual-- primary sex characteristics do not match self-perception Gender beliefs are embedded in our social institutions
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Gender is a Master Status. much like race/ethnicity, it is usually a basis for stratification This PowerPoint focuses on the effects of gender on opportunities and constraints throughout our lives. Many people think the differences between the lives and men and women are caused by biology. For example: Former President of Harvard, Larry Summers said in 2005 there are fewer women in science because: 1) women aren’t as interested in making the sacrifices required by high powered jobs as men 2) men have more “intrinsic aptitude” for science, 3) there is discrimination against women in science. It was #2 that eventually cost him his job. His comments echoed the long history of interpreting socially constructed differences as biologically constructed. Maybe it will help to think about American women’s lives in 1850 when most men assumed that women “naturally” lacked sufficient intelligence to have full rights of citizenship.
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American Women, 1848 could not vote could not own property could not keep their wages if married could not draft a will could not file lawsuits, not even for custody of their children could not attend college could not be beaten by a stick thicker than a husband’s thumb -- “rule of the thumb” In 1900 only one country gave women the right to vote--N.Z.
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Wide rage of variation in the degree of patriarchy Norway, Sweden, Finland have the least; Niger, Chad, Afghanistan have the most Matriarchy Matriarchy social dominance by women almost nonexistent; but if you want a glimpse of one, see the Women’s Kingdom http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/rough/2005/07/introduction_to.html Sexism Culturally embedded belief that one sex is innately inferior to other ideology that supports patriarchy “They who are full of sin beget only daughters.” (Hindu Proverb) “A stupid son is better than a crafty daughter.” (Chinese Proverb) Patriarchy Patriarchy social organization in which males dominate females social organization in which males dominate females
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In the most developed countries of the world, women have come a long way. Allowed to: vote (Honor the privilege.) own property keep their wages make a will retain custody of children after divorce go to college even run the Boston marathon! Best women today routinely post better
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Sullivan during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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9 Gender.ppt - Gender Inequality Sex = biological concept...

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