History_Notes - History_Notes.txt 2010-12-06 Early 20th...

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History_Notes.txt 2010-12-06 - 1/17 - Early 20th century: people wonder where the name "California" comes from. Began to appear on Spanish maps in early 16th century as "Calfurnia" -always appeared as an island because the spanish couldn't see the whole thing -book by DeMontalvo: "Las sergas de esplandia" circa 1508 -mentioned a land called Calafia near the gate of Eden -warrior women that enslaved men. Led by Calfurnia -black amazonian women -likely explanation: People thought there was a terrestrial Eden that people could actually find -Berkeley prof finds Alfonso X's Siete Patrides 1265 -declares it's illegal for women to practice magic -his reasoning is that a women named Calfurnia was harassing people -Alfonso's source for Calfurnia was a Roman: Valerius Maximus, who was married to a Cafa Afrania, who annoyed the Roman tribunals -de Montalvo's black Calfurnia related to the Caja Afriania -black was the color of the evil/Satan/enemies of the Catholic Spaniards -gives idea of Calfurnia being a place where nature's order is messed up: men are slaves, black women are in power -A Catholic Spanish male *has* to restore order so we can open gates to Eden -mid 19th century- westward is the way history moves. California is the most westward area and is the conclusion of history Social/Human Development: Savagism (small huntergatherers) -> Barbarism (kingly, larger villages, agriculture) -> Civilization (urban, large agriculture, writing, moral-values attached) -as people mature and develop, they rise up morally -Savagism and Barbarism associated with prehistoric due to the lack of written work -most historians studied civilizations with written works -California is hard to study becuase -we don't know when 1st humans came -before Spanish came, CA had high population density -native CA had no large-scale agricultural system -how did they get so much people? -there are large agricultural systems elsewhere -pop density high, but no large urban civilizations
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History_Notes.txt 2010-12-06 - 2/17 - -large hunter gatherer society -Pleistocene: must H20 is in glacial ice. Covers north america lowers ocean level. Aleutian Islands in AK were a foot bridge. 26K before present. -we know people crossed over from Russia to the AK -BUT oldest sites in CA are 10-12 thousand years before present on east side -why aren't there other sites that are older? -people couldn't cross down to CA from AK because of glacial ice, so they had to wait -They could have travelled down to the coast, but these sites are underwater -so all we have is Paleo Indians 10-12 thousand years following big game (mammoth) -migration, follwed large game, fishing -no large villages/social organization -ended 10k years ago because big game all died -Archaic period (10k - 4k ago) -lots of sites in west part of CA -not focused on big game -windmiller tradition - subculture of Archaic era -developed ways of exploiting resources -sacrament odelta area (largest river in CA) -develops use of acorns through sophisticated basketry -acorns become staple food especiall in North America
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2011 for the course HISTORY OF 127 taught by Professor Klien during the Fall '10 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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History_Notes - History_Notes.txt 2010-12-06 Early 20th...

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