L08.PZ1 - INM313: Inclusive Design (and social aspects of...

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1 INM313: Inclusive Design (and social aspects of computing) Dr Panayiotis Zaphiris http://www.zaphiris.org/ zaphiri@soi.city.ac.uk Lecture 1: Introduction to Inclusive Design
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2 Slide 3 Lecture 1 Overview INM 313 Overview Orientation: My role The objectives of INM313 The topics to be covered Orientation: Your role The lecture notes Assessment Questions Why is inclusive design important ? Definitions (Universal Design, Design for All, Inclusive Design etc.) Challenges in doing ‘Inclusive Design’ General Introduction to designing for people with Special Needs Slide 4 The Inclusion of People with Special Needs in the Mainstream “Accessibility” “Universal Design” “Design for All” “Accessible Design” “Inclusive Design” We are going to talk about the original definitions of each as per their proposers’ ideas
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3 Slide 5 Why is inclusive design important ? Computers Computers penetrate almost all life all life situations People depend People depend more on computer technology Facilitating computers for computers for anybody anybody anywhere anytime Computer applications are more complex and more complex and offer more offer more functionalities Computer users have diverse abilities, skills, abilities, skills, requirements and requirements and preferences preferences Users are not Users are not necessarily computer experts computer experts Slide 6 Some Statistics
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4 Slide 7 Some Statistics Slide 8 Some Statistics
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5 Slide 9 Some Statistics Slide 10 Some Statistics Variation of disposable income and free time with age
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6 Slide 11 Motivations Legal Requirements Disability Discrimination Act 1995 SENDA (Special Educational Needs and Disability Act) 1995 1. Not treat a disabled person ‘less favourably’ for a reason relating to their disability 2. Required to make ‘reasonable adjustments’ if a disabled person would otherwise be placed at a ‘substantial disadvantage’ 3. Adjustments should be ‘anticipatory’ Slide 12 Motivations Moral Demographic (see graph before) Economic – In the E.U. ratio 60+/(20 - 59) = 1.9 – Increase of people with registered disability (11% today to estimated 17% - in 2020) – Estimated market size > 30 Billion Euro Usability bonus – people are not going to buy or recommend products which they cannot operate
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7 Slide 13 Examples of Guidelines for Inclusion of People with Special Needs Centre for Universal Design at North Carolina State University (USA) Trace Centre in University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA) World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) – "The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect." Ordinary and Extra-Ordinary HCI (Dundee) City University (e.g. ageing guidelines) Slide 14 “Universal Design” Universal design – goes beyond the design of interactive systems and applies
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L08.PZ1 - INM313: Inclusive Design (and social aspects of...

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