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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology Midterm 1 Review Charles Darwin : humans were linked by a relation of DESCENT to other species. “ Origin of Species (1859)” Africa was the commonplace of apes/human ancestor. “Descent of Man and Selection in relation to Sex” The last common ancestor is called the MISSING LINK. To find the fossils of these guys is the holy grail of Paleoanthropology and Archeology Edward Tylor: published “ Primitive Culture (1871)” He used to compare human customs in different ethnic groups in order to show how these groups were linked by ties of common descent. Some survival customs include, CANNIBALISM or MAGIC. Human cultural evolution: SAVAGERY>BABARISM>CIVILIZATION Primitive customs could be reformed into civilized behavior, established the term ANTHROPOLOGY (1881) Lewis Morgan: evolution of human culture into 3 subdivisions ( adaptive technologies with corresponding marriage, family and social patterns=ANCIENT SOCIETY 1877 ) Iroquois adopted Morgan into tribe and in return learned the central importance of kinship, marriage and descent, which...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2011 for the course AHIS 120g at USC.