landscape1 - History of Gardens Formalism and the Western...

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History of Gardens: Formalism and the Western Tradition Garden : as old as civilization (from Anglo-Saxon grydon , “to enclose”) Paradise : Persian word for garden
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Gardens and Gardening Garden of Eden, 19 th century
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Egyptian gardens: Represent human domination over plants Formalism originated in Egyptian gardens Originated at edge of desert where natural vegetation sparse No natural landscape to copy except natural oasis Pools to supply “oasis feeling” Plantings ordered in straight lines for irrigation Formalism in Landscape Architecture Ancient Egypt
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Irrigation canals common feature Gardens enclosed on flat land Fences and walls to protect plants Plants treated architecturally: Arbor, bower, pergola: lattice work covered with vines for shade Plants originally placed on random but became ordered and symmetrical Statuary and columns
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Date garden, Sinai peninsula
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Irrigating and harvest in Egyptian vegetable garden
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Harvesting pomegranates in formal planting interspersed with ornamental columns next to a T-shaped pool
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Garden planted with fig, olive trees and flowering plants containing a pavilion with steps leading down to the water, being irrigated by a row of shadufs
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Four workers transporting trees
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Randomly-placed trees within a square enclosure surrounding square pool
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Formal Egyptian garden Around the lotus pool grow doum palms, date palms, acacias, and other trees and shrubs Source: Singer et al., 1954, Fig. 361
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Of particular interest are the two clearly indicated different types of palm trees growing around the garden The single-trunked tree is the date palm and the bifurcated tree the doum palm Source: Berrall Plan of the garden estate of a wealthy Egyptian official The approach is from a long canal (at right), and the entrance to the grounds is through an imposing gateway in their surrounding walls
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Hanging gardens of Babylon: one of the ancient wonders.
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