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From Peter I to Catherine II

From Peter I to Catherine II - From Peter I to Catherine II...

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From Peter I to Catherine II- The Era of Palace Revolutions Successions after the rule of Peter the Great were disastrous, many involving violence. The succession law of 1722 allowed the monarch to choose his successor, which allowed commoners, foreigners, and women to come to the throne. Catherine I (Peter’s second wife), a commoner of the Baltic region, became the empress after Peter informally crowned her on his deathbed. She ruled for a short time (2 years) during which the govt turned into an oligarchy (dominated by a 3 noble families; Menshikov, Dolgorukii, and Golitsyn families). There was a privy council that had German on it. Catherine I designated Peter II (Alexis’ son; Peter’s grandson) as emperor on her deathbed, largely due to influence from the Menshikov family. He was 11 at the time. It was the Dolgorukii family, however, that took the lead in grooming Peter II. He died at the age of 14 due to small pox without naming a successor. There was now no male descendant of Peter I so the major families designated Anna
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