RELInotes6

RELInotes6 - L ecture 2Fiqh to understand law(Shariah...

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Lecture 2- Fiqh- to understand law (Shariah). Sources: (1) Quran (2) Sunna- Hadith (3) Ijma- consensus (4) Qiyas- analogical reasoning (grape wine is forbidden because it intoxicates people) subset is Maslaha- what’s in the public interest. In sunni Islam, there are 4 schools of jurist law: (1) Hanafi- Abu Hanifa (767) [Turkey, Iran] Emphasizes qiyas (2) Maliki- Malik (795) [Medinah and Makkah] Emphasizes hadith (3) Shafi’I (820) Emphasizes theory (train of transmitters) (4) Hanbali- Ahmed ibn Hanbal (865) Emphasizes hadith Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim (end of 9 th century) become the authoritative collectors on the Hadith via the isnad. Uthman started collected various texts (bones, parchment) of the Quran (as people who had memorized it started dying in battle), made into a book and began circulating it. He also collected other copies and burned it. In Shiite Islam, the school is: (1) Ja’fari- Ja’farat Sadiq (768)- The Shiites accept Quran and Sunnah but their Sunnah has to lead up to one of the Imams- Ali, Hassan or Hussain.
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2011 for the course RELI 2080 taught by Professor Ahmedalrahim during the Spring '11 term at UVA.

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RELInotes6 - L ecture 2Fiqh to understand law(Shariah...

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