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Philosophers

Philosophers - Philosophers 1 John Locke enlightenment...

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Philosophers 1. John Locke- enlightenment thinker; a. Argued against divine right of kings b. Natural law- sits above written laws c. Power a person can hold over another is limited d. Property is central in politics- mix labor and sweat with things in nature i. Governments have to defend people’s property e. Sovereignty lies with the people- decisions of what goes on f. Legislature is most important g. Executive does whatever legislative tells him to do, or that he should be removed h. Right to rebellion i. The monarch was not just j. Could withdrawal consent k. Taxes i. No consent of the governed- shouldn’t be taxed 2. Montesquieu a. Divide up the powers into different parts b. Checks and balances 3. Thomas Hobbes a. In the state of nature you are free to do whatever you want, but you give up those “natural rights” to gain protection b. Life was nasty, short, brutish and poor 4. Rousseau a. Wanted freedom in nature to do whatever you want 5. John Adams a. Thought that it was too democratically b. 1/3 were patriots (Paine)
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