Theories of Intelligence •Factor Theories oSpearman: !g (general intelligence) factor !s (specific intelligence) factor oGood at math – bad at linguistics oGood linguistics – poor in math •Cattell – two “g” factors in intelligence oFluid Intelligence: the capacity for acquiring new knowledge and solving new problems that is at least partially determined by biological and genetic factors. oCrystallized Intelligence: knowledge and learning that we have gained over the course of our lives through an interaction between fluid intelligence and environment experience. •Contemporary Cognitive Theories of Intelligence oSternberg: !Adaptive Aspect: problem solving in specific situations (analytic intelligence) or practical intelligence. !Experimental Aspect: application of experience to the world (solve new problems; solve old ones automatically). !Internal Aspect: analytic & abstract thinking (memory, creativeness, etc.) oGardner’s Eight Frames: !Logical-mathematical (scientist) !