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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6: Learning and Behavior Analysis Learning Process based on experience that results in a relatively permanent change in behavior Ability to learn is crucial for survival o Types of foods to eat/potential dangers Learning is central to development throughout life o Walking speaking eating ! science higher learning Shapes aspects of daily life o Social rules o Cultural values Conditioning Process in which environmental stimuli and behavioral responses become connected o Associations thought experience Classical Conditioning o Learning that two types of events go together o Being scared ! faster pulse Operant conditioning o Learning that a behavior leads to a particular outcome " Studying ! better grades American behaviorism John Watson o Argued against Freud o Father of American behaviorism Behaviorism movement o Behavioral responses are conditioned o Watson, Pavlov, B.F. Skinner Behavior Analysis B.F. Skinner Raising children (all positive) The idea that behavior can be permanently changed o Operant Conditioning Classical Conditioning A basic form of learning in which one stimulus predicts the occurrence of another Pavlov o Behavior comes to be elicited by a stimulus that has acquired its power though association " Dogs salivated at a sight of a bowl...
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- Fall '08